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a collaborative knowledge base characterizing the state of current thought in Cognitive Science.

is a kind of

Relation type: Foundational


Definition

The subject is a subtype of the object.




Example

The 3-Back test is-a-kind-of N-Back test.




Valid Contexts

1. concept-concept relationships (656 assertions reference this context)




Referenced Examples

395 assertions invoke this relation:

working memory is a kind of memory   

spatial working memory is a kind of working memory   

semantic working memory is a kind of working memory   

auditory working memory is a kind of working memory   

response inhibition is a kind of    

lexical retrieval is a kind of lexical processing   

reading is a kind of visual object recognition   

semantic knowledge is a kind of long term memory   

 is a kind of language   

 is a kind of    

 is a kind of    

 is a kind of    

 is a kind of    

left finger response execution is a kind of response execution   

reinforcement learning is a kind of learning   

spatial localization is a kind of localization   

visual working memory is a kind of visual memory   

response inhibition is a kind of inhibition   

detection is a kind of perception   

intentional learning is a kind of explicit learning   

pain is a kind of somatosensation   

performance monitoring is a kind of cognitive control   

goal selection is a kind of cognitive control   

resistance to distractor inference is a kind of interference resolution   

auditory localization is a kind of localization   

self control is a kind of cognitive control   

intertemporal choice is a kind of subjective value judgment   

iconic memory is a kind of visual memory   

phonological comparison is a kind of phonological processing   

response conflict is a kind of task difficulty   

animacy perception is a kind of theory of mind   

inference is a kind of decision making   

inhibition is a kind of cognitive control   

synchrony perception is a kind of    

metamemory is a kind of metacognition   

synchrony perception is a kind of perception   

multisensory integration is a kind of    

attentional resources is a kind of resource   

tactile working memory is a kind of working memory   

visual working memory is a kind of working memory   

auditory sentence comprehension is a kind of sentence comprehension   

declarative memory is a kind of long term memory   

declarative memory is a kind of memory   

nondeclarative memory is a kind of long term memory   

episodic memory is a kind of declarative memory   

semantic memory is a kind of declarative memory   

abductive reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

abstract analogy is a kind of analogy   

abstract knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

acoustic phonetic processing is a kind of auditory perception   

negative feedback processing is a kind of feedback processing   

analogical inference is a kind of inference   

analogy is a kind of inference   

analogical reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

deductive reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

autobiographical recall is a kind of recall   

imagination is a kind of mental representation   

object recognition is a kind of recognition   

face recognition is a kind of recognition   

word recognition is a kind of recognition   

reconsolidation is a kind of memory consolidation   

phonological loop is a kind of rehearsal loop   

articulatory loop is a kind of rehearsal loop   

pragmatic inference is a kind of inference   

assimilation is a kind of explicit learning   

articulatory rehearsal is a kind of rehearsal   

perceptual learning is a kind of implicit learning   

language comprehension is a kind of language processing   

word comprehension is a kind of language comprehension   

task switching is a kind of cognitive control   

retroactive interference is a kind of interference   

route knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

rule learning is a kind of learning   

sadness is a kind of emotion   

speech perception is a kind of speech processing   

visual imagery is a kind of visual working memory   

visual form recognition is a kind of form perception   

sensory memory is a kind of memory   

declarative rule is a kind of declarative knowledge   

deductive inference is a kind of inference   

divided attention is a kind of attention   

emotional decision making is a kind of decision making   

procedural learning is a kind of implicit learning   

reasoning is a kind of decision making   

auditory attention is a kind of attention   

passive attention is a kind of attention   

negative emotion is a kind of emotion   

auditory feedback is a kind of feedback processing   

auditory memory is a kind of memory   

auditory perception is a kind of perception   

autobiographical memory is a kind of episodic memory   

availability heuristic is a kind of cognitive heuristic   

gaze is a kind of fixation   

generalization is a kind of inference   

gustatory learning is a kind of learning   

phonological comparison is a kind of relational comparison   

exogenous attention is a kind of attention   

visual search is a kind of search   

sequence learning is a kind of learning   

animacy perception is a kind of perception   

shame is a kind of emotion   

short term memory is a kind of memory   

 is a kind of learning   

spatial memory is a kind of memory   

surprise is a kind of emotion   

kinaesthetic representation is a kind of body representation   

interoceptive representation is a kind of body representation   

kinesthesia is a kind of somatosensation   

sense of ownership is a kind of body representation   

sense of body ownership is a kind of sense of ownership   

recall is a kind of memory   

visual object recognition is a kind of object recognition   

object centered representation is a kind of mental representation   

amodal representation is a kind of mental representation   

amodal representation is a kind of mental representation   

phonological working memory is a kind of phonological processing   

sentence recognition  is a kind of sentence processing   

 is a kind of self control   

behavioral inhibition is a kind of self control   

animacy decision is a kind of decision making   

listening is a kind of auditory attention   

discrimination is a kind of perception   

auditory word comprehension is a kind of word comprehension   

audiovisual perception is a kind of perception   

audiovisual perception is a kind of    

categorical knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

conditional reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

context memory is a kind of memory   

cue dependent forgetting is a kind of forgetting   

declarative knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

discourse knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

discourse planning is a kind of planning   

echoic memory is a kind of auditory memory   

emotional memory is a kind of memory   

explicit knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

explicit learning is a kind of learning   

explicit memory is a kind of declarative memory   

implicit knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

implicit memory is a kind of memory   

inductive reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

inductive reasoning is a kind of inference   

intentional forgetting is a kind of forgetting   

serial learning is a kind of explicit learning   

intermediate term memory is a kind of memory   

gustatory learning is a kind of gustation processing   

logical reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

long term memory is a kind of memory   

mathematical reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

mechanical reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

memory consolidation is a kind of consolidation   

remote memory is a kind of declarative memory   

olfactory perception is a kind of perception   

orthographic lexicon is a kind of lexicon   

phonological working memory is a kind of working memory   

pragmatic knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

pragmatic reasoning is a kind of reasoning   

primary memory is a kind of memory   

problem solving is a kind of reasoning   

procedural knowledge is a kind of knowledge   

association learning is a kind of implicit learning   

procedural memory is a kind of nondeclarative memory   

prospective memory is a kind of memory   

prospective planning is a kind of planning   

prototype is a kind of mental representation   

quantitative skill is a kind of skill   

repressed memory is a kind of memory   

memory retrieval is a kind of retrieval   

lexical retrieval is a kind of retrieval   

phonological retrieval is a kind of retrieval   

motor sequence learning is a kind of sequence learning   

visual awareness is a kind of perception   

serial search is a kind of search   

relational learning is a kind of explicit learning   

source memory is a kind of episodic memory   

reward learning is a kind of reinforcement learning   

sustained attention is a kind of attention   

text comprehension is a kind of language comprehension   

thermosensation is a kind of somatosensation   

traumatic memory is a kind of memory   

verbal memory is a kind of memory   

visual attention is a kind of attention   

spatial attention is a kind of visual attention   

visual memory is a kind of memory   

face recognition is a kind of visual object recognition   

visual representation is a kind of mental representation   

apparent motion is a kind of visual perception   

optical illusion is a kind of visual perception   

inattentional blindness is a kind of inattention   

skill acquisition is a kind of implicit learning   

body orientation is a kind of proprioception   

proprioception is a kind of somatosensation   

nociception is a kind of somatosensation   

nociception is a kind of interoception   

interoception is a kind of somatosensation   

language learning is a kind of explicit learning   

extinction is a kind of context memory   

pavlovian conditioning is a kind of association learning   

apparent motion is a kind of optical illusion   

stereopsis is a kind of binocular depth cue   

binocular convergence is a kind of binocular depth cue   

conjunction search is a kind of visual search   

feature search is a kind of visual search   

change blindness is a kind of inattentional blindness   

motion aftereffect is a kind of optical illusion   

overt attention is a kind of attention   

covert attention is a kind of attention   

unconscious perception is a kind of perception   

unconscious perception is a kind of unconscious process   

sentence comprehension is a kind of language comprehension   

autonoesis is a kind of consciousness   

set shifting is a kind of task switching   

noesis is a kind of consciousness   

fear is a kind of negative emotion   

sadness is a kind of negative emotion   

anchoring is a kind of cognitive heuristic   

vection is a kind of optical illusion   

novelty detection is a kind of oddball detection   

implicit learning is a kind of learning   

incidental learning is a kind of implicit learning   

anxiety is a kind of emotion   

visual perception is a kind of perception   

border ownership is a kind of feature detection   

multistable perception is a kind of visual perception   

multistable perception is a kind of olfactory perception   

multistable perception is a kind of auditory perception   

optical illusion is a kind of multistable perception   

visual orientation is a kind of visual perception   

lateral masking is a kind of visual masking   

crowding is a kind of visual masking   

Strength is a kind of motor control   

balance is a kind of motor control   

Locomotion is a kind of motor control   

attentional effort is a kind of effort   

cognitive effort is a kind of effort   

sentence processing is a kind of language processing   

somatosensation is a kind of perception   

social phobia is a kind of fear   

rigidity is a kind of obsession   

intertemporal choice is a kind of decision making   

visual localization is a kind of localization   

phonological assembly is a kind of phonological processing   

visual form discrimination is a kind of visual perception   

visual form discrimination is a kind of form perception   

selective attention is a kind of attention   

 is a kind of updating   

perceptual priming is a kind of priming   

conceptual priming is a kind of priming   

positive priming is a kind of priming   

Repetition priming is a kind of positive priming   

Semantic priming is a kind of priming   

associative priming is a kind of priming   

Response priming is a kind of priming   

kindness priming is a kind of priming   

right toe response execution is a kind of response execution   

kindness priming is a kind of positive priming   

negative priming is a kind of priming   

right hand response execution is a kind of response execution   

reward processing is a kind of feedback processing   

emotion regulation is a kind of self control   

categorization is a kind of decision making   

shape recognition is a kind of object recognition   

acoustic encoding is a kind of encoding   

analogical encoding is a kind of encoding   

auditory encoding is a kind of encoding   

lexical encoding is a kind of encoding   

phonological encoding is a kind of encoding   

grammatical encoding is a kind of encoding   

acoustic encoding is a kind of encoding   

analogical encoding is a kind of analogical reasoning   

priming is a kind of implicit learning   

retention is a kind of encoding   

phonological encoding is a kind of encoding   

auditory coding is a kind of encoding   

subjective value judgment is a kind of judgment   

theory of mind is a kind of social cognition   

emotional reappraisal is a kind of emotion regulation   

facial age recognition is a kind of facial recognition   

facial happiness recognition is a kind of facial recognition   

facial trustworthiness recognition is a kind of facial recognition   

facial attractiveness recognition is a kind of facial recognition   

facial trustworthiness recognition is a kind of social inference   

subjective food value is a kind of subjective value judgment   

emotional enhancement is a kind of emotional reappraisal   

decision under uncertainty is a kind of decision   

priming is a kind of implicit memory   

right finger response execution is a kind of response execution   

left hand response execution is a kind of response execution   

auditory tone detection is a kind of stimulus detection   

visual object recognition is a kind of visual recognition   

visual form recognition is a kind of visual recognition   

visual face recognition is a kind of visual recognition   

visual recognition is a kind of visual perception   

visual face recognition is a kind of face recognition   

auditory tone discrimination is a kind of auditory perception   

emotional face recognition is a kind of visual face recognition   

visual body recognition is a kind of visual object recognition   

visual tool recognition is a kind of visual object recognition   

active maintenance is a kind of working memory maintenance   

auditory sentence recognition is a kind of sentence recognition    

visual sentence recognition is a kind of sentence recognition    

goal maintenance is a kind of maintenance   

object maintenance is a kind of maintenance   

punishment processing is a kind of negative feedback processing   

interference resolution is a kind of cognitive control   

visual word recognition is a kind of word recognition   

spatial selective attention is a kind of selective attention   

auditory tone discrimination is a kind of discrimination   

visual color discrimination is a kind of discrimination   

visual form discrimination is a kind of discrimination   

visual color discrimination is a kind of color perception   

visual pattern recognition is a kind of visual recognition   

visual pattern recognition is a kind of pattern recognition   

relational comparison is a kind of feature comparison   

feature comparison is a kind of decision making   

left toe response execution is a kind of response execution   

tongue response execution is a kind of response execution   

vocal response execution is a kind of response execution   

perceptual learning is a kind of implicit learning   

gustation processing is a kind of perception   

potential monetary reward is a kind of reward anticipation   

visual number recognition is a kind of visual form recognition   

economic value processing is a kind of subjective value judgment   

potential monetary loss is a kind of loss anticipation   

stimulus detection is a kind of detection   

reward processing is a kind of positive feedback processing   

motion detection is a kind of detection   

conflict detection is a kind of detection   

object detection is a kind of stimulus detection   

visual object detection is a kind of object detection   

feature detection is a kind of detection   

edge detection is a kind of feature detection   

oddball detection is a kind of    

reward anticipation is a kind of anticipation   

loss anticipation is a kind of anticipation   

causal inference is a kind of inference   

positive feedback processing is a kind of feedback processing   

semantic categorization is a kind of categorization   

visual recognition is a kind of recognition   

visual pseudoword recognition is a kind of visual word recognition   

pattern recognition is a kind of recognition   

visual sentence recognition is a kind of visual recognition   

auditory recognition is a kind of recognition   

auditory word recognition is a kind of auditory recognition   

facial happiness recognition is a kind of emotion recognition   

facial recognition is a kind of recognition   

 is a kind of sentence processing   

tone recognition is a kind of recognition   

auditory arithmetic processing is a kind of arithmetic processing   

high energy density food recognition is a kind of object recognition   

confidence judgment is a kind of subjective value judgment   

visual place recognition is a kind of visual recognition   

depth perception is a kind of perception   

social inference is a kind of inference   

auditory tone perception is a kind of auditory perception   

proactive control is a kind of cognitive control   

selective control is a kind of cognitive control   

oddball detection is a kind of detection   

updating is a kind of cognitive control   

tone recognition is a kind of auditory perception   

auditory tone detection is a kind of auditory perception   

color recognition is a kind of visual recognition   

color recognition is a kind of color perception   

visual object detection is a kind of visual perception   

auditory sentence recognition is a kind of auditory recognition   

emotional face recognition is a kind of emotion recognition   

emotion recognition is a kind of recognition   

facial recognition is a kind of face perception   

object perception is a kind of perception   

visual form recognition is a kind of visual perception   

visual object maintenance is a kind of object maintenance   

spatial selective attention is a kind of spatial attention   

pain is a kind of nociception   

discourse comprehension is a kind of language comprehension   

story comprehension is a kind of language comprehension   

recognition is a kind of memory   

mental imagery is a kind of imagination   

context representation is a kind of mental representation   

numerical comparison is a kind of relational comparison   

emotional suppression is a kind of emotion regulation   

emotional enhancement is a kind of emotion regulation   

self monitoring is a kind of monitoring   

visual word recognition is a kind of visual form recognition   

visual letter recognition is a kind of visual form recognition   

working memory updating is a kind of updating   

working memory maintenance is a kind of maintenance   

word maintenance is a kind of working memory maintenance   

pattern maintenance is a kind of working memory maintenance   

string maintenance is a kind of working memory maintenance   

visual string recognition is a kind of visual form recognition   

body maintenance is a kind of working memory maintenance   

face maintenance is a kind of working memory maintenance   

place maintenance is a kind of working memory maintenance   

tool maintenance is a kind of working memory maintenance   

auditory word recognition is a kind of word recognition   

voice perception is a kind of sound perception