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is measured by

Relation type: Cognitive


Definition

The concept can be measured by the task:contrast.




Example

Conflict detection is measured by the contrast of incongruent - congruent trials in the color-word stroop task




Valid Contexts

1. concept-task relationships (1586 assertions reference this context)




Referenced Examples

1586 assertions invoke this relation:

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of stop signal reaction time trials in the stop signal task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of Stop trial trials in the go/no-go task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of 1-back trials in the n-back task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of 2-back trials in the n-back task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of 3-back trials in the n-back task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of 3-back minus 1-back trials in the n-back task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of delay trials in the delayed nonmatch to sample task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of delay minus no delay trials in the delayed nonmatch to sample task   

task switching is measured by the contrast of Perseverative errors trials in the Wisconsin card sorting test   

working memory is measured by the contrast of Failure to maintain set trials in the Wisconsin card sorting test   

central coherence is measured by the contrast of Segmented blocks trials in the embedded figures test   

central coherence is measured by the contrast of Unsegmented blocks trials in the embedded figures test   

central coherence is measured by the contrast of Unsegmented blocks trials in the block design test   

phonological working memory is measured by the contrast of forward trials in the digit span task   

visual object detection is measured by the contrast of cash average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

implicit memory is measured by the contrast of object decision trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of copying test trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of overlapping figures test trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

visual object recognition is measured by the contrast of picture naming trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

form perception is measured by the contrast of size match trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

form perception is measured by the contrast of length match trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

form perception is measured by the contrast of orientation match trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

form perception is measured by the contrast of position of gap match trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

form perception is measured by the contrast of overlapping figures test trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

form perception is measured by the contrast of minimal feature match trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

form perception is measured by the contrast of foreshortened match trials in the Birmingham object recognition battery   

visual working memory is measured by the contrast of percent correct (number of correct sequences/number of total sequences) trials in the block tapping test   

lexical retrieval is measured by the contrast of percent correct (number of correct responses/number of total pictures) trials in the boston naming test   

lexical access is measured by the contrast of percent correct (number of correct responses/number of total pictures) trials in the boston naming test   

chunking is measured by the contrast of immediate recall trials in the California Verbal Learning Test-II   

chunking is measured by the contrast of long recall trials in the California Verbal Learning Test-II   

memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of immediate recall trials in the California Verbal Learning Test-II   

memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of interference trials in the California Verbal Learning Test-II   

memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of long recall trials in the California Verbal Learning Test-II   

memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of recognition trial trials in the California Verbal Learning Test-II   

retroactive interference is measured by the contrast of interference trials in the California Verbal Learning Test-II   

working memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of immediate recall trials in the California Verbal Learning Test-II   

face recognition is measured by the contrast of same images trials in the Cambridge Face Memory Test   

face recognition is measured by the contrast of novel images trials in the Cambridge Face Memory Test   

face recognition is measured by the contrast of novel images with noise trials in the Cambridge Face Memory Test   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of probability of reward * magnitude of bet trials in the Cambridge Gambling Task   

reward processing is measured by the contrast of ratio trials in the Cambridge Gambling Task   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of total correct responses for all categories trials in the category fluency test   

semantic memory is measured by the contrast of total correct responses for all categories trials in the category fluency test   

semantic processing is measured by the contrast of total correct responses for all categories trials in the category fluency test   

interference is measured by the contrast of Incongruent trials in the chimeric animal Stroop task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of stimulus trials in the choice reaction time task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of non-stimulus trials in the choice reaction time task   

decision is measured by the contrast of stimulus trials in the choice reaction time task   

decision is measured by the contrast of non-stimulus trials in the choice reaction time task   

decision is measured by the contrast of right hand trials in the choice reaction time task   

decision is measured by the contrast of left hand trials in the choice reaction time task   

 is measured by choice reaction time task   

 is measured by choice reaction time task   

 is measured by choice reaction time task   

 is measured by choice reaction time task   

inhibition of return is measured by the contrast of magnitude of response to second stimulus trials in the rapid serial visual presentation task   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of risky option trials in the choice task between risky and non-risky options   

association learning is measured by the contrast of conditional response trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

pavlovian conditioning is measured by the contrast of conditional stimulus trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

pavlovian conditioning is measured by the contrast of trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

pavlovian conditioning is measured by the contrast of unconditional response trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

pavlovian conditioning is measured by the contrast of conditional response trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

instinct is measured by the contrast of trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

automaticity is measured by the contrast of trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

automaticity is measured by the contrast of unconditional response trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

automaticity is measured by the contrast of conditional response trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

syntactic parsing is measured by the contrast of formulating sentences subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

syntactic parsing is measured by the contrast of sentence structure subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

syntactic parsing is measured by the contrast of sentence assembly subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of concepts and directions subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of semantic relationships subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

linguistic competence is measured by the contrast of formulating sentences subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

linguistic competence is measured by the contrast of sentence structure subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

linguistic competence is measured by the contrast of word classes subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

linguistic competence is measured by the contrast of word structure subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

linguistic competence is measured by the contrast of sentence assembly subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

semantic category is measured by the contrast of semantic relationships subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

sentence comprehension is measured by the contrast of sentence structure subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

sentence comprehension is measured by the contrast of sentence assembly subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

word order is measured by the contrast of sentence structure subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

speech perception is measured by the contrast of concepts and directions subtest trials in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3   

color perception is measured by the contrast of accuracy trials in the color-discrimination task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of probabilistic classification trials trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

decision making is measured by the contrast of trials in the color-word stroop task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of trials in the color-word stroop task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of trials in the conditional stop signal task   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of Target trials in the Penn continuous performance task   

word recognition is measured by the contrast of number of correct identifications trials in the continuous recognition paradigm   

false memory is measured by the contrast of number of false positives trials in the continuous recognition paradigm   

forgetting is measured by the contrast of number of false negatives (missed words) trials in the continuous recognition paradigm   

word recognition is measured by the contrast of hit rate (number of correct recognitions) trials in the cued explicit recognition   

forgetting is measured by the contrast of miss rate (number of items subject failed to recognize) trials in the cued explicit recognition   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of number or value of rewards times probability of reward trials in the cups task   

risk is measured by the contrast of probability of highest reward trials in the cups task   

reward processing is measured by the contrast of money earned trials in the cups task   

theory of mind is measured by the contrast of object occlusion and misinformation scores trials in the deception task   

theory of mind is measured by the contrast of accuracy trials in the deception task   

deception is measured by the contrast of hider trials in the deception task   

convergent thinking is measured by the contrast of valid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

logic is measured by the contrast of valid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

logic is measured by the contrast of invalid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of valid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of invalid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

 is measured by deductive reasoning task   

 is measured by deductive reasoning task   

conditional reasoning is measured by the contrast of valid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

deductive reasoning is measured by the contrast of valid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

deductive reasoning is measured by the contrast of invalid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

reasoning is measured by the contrast of valid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

reasoning is measured by the contrast of invalid trials in the deductive reasoning task   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of reaction time to correct stimuli trials in the delayed match to sample task   

goal maintenance is measured by the contrast of reaction time to correct stimuli trials in the delayed match to sample task   

memory decay is measured by the contrast of reaction time to correct stimuli trials in the delayed match to sample task   

working memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of reaction time to correct stimuli trials in the delayed match to sample task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of reaction time to correct stimuli trials in the delayed match to sample task   

memory decay is measured by the contrast of delay minus no delay trials in the delayed nonmatch to sample task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of delay minus no delay trials in the delayed nonmatch to sample task   

memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of d' trials in the delayed recall test   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the devil's task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of forward trials in the digit span task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of backward trials in the digit span task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of digit/symbol coding - symbol copy trials in the digit/symbol coding test   

working memory is measured by the contrast of immediate memory copy trials in the digit/symbol coding test   

active retrieval is measured by the contrast of immediate memory copy trials in the digit/symbol coding test   

active retrieval is measured by the contrast of general memory copy trials in the digit/symbol coding test   

memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of general memory copy trials in the digit/symbol coding test   

auditory attention is measured by the contrast of response time and accuracy trials in the divided auditory attention   

acoustic phonetic processing is measured by the contrast of response time and accuracy trials in the divided auditory attention   

short term memory is measured by the contrast of verbal recall (people test) trials in the doors and people test   

short term memory is measured by the contrast of visual recognition (doors test) trials in the doors and people test   

short term memory is measured by the contrast of visual recall (shapes test) trials in the doors and people test   

short term memory is measured by the contrast of verbal recognition (names test) trials in the doors and people test   

iconic memory is measured by the contrast of visual recognition (doors test) trials in the doors and people test   

iconic memory is measured by the contrast of visual recall (shapes test) trials in the doors and people test   

recall is measured by the contrast of verbal recall (people test) trials in the doors and people test   

recall is measured by the contrast of visual recognition (doors test) trials in the doors and people test   

recall is measured by the contrast of visual recall (shapes test) trials in the doors and people test   

recall is measured by the contrast of verbal recognition (names test) trials in the doors and people test   

motor control is measured by the contrast of overall similarity to intended picture trials in the drawing   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of overall similarity to intended picture trials in the drawing   

cognitive control is measured by the contrast of amount consumed trials in the eating/drinking   

self monitoring is measured by the contrast of amount consumed trials in the eating/drinking   

motor control is measured by the contrast of sum of strength scores x sum of items per hand trials in the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of Segmented blocks trials in the embedded figures test   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of Unsegmented blocks trials in the embedded figures test   

visuospatial sketch pad is measured by the contrast of Segmented blocks trials in the embedded figures test   

visuospatial sketch pad is measured by the contrast of Unsegmented blocks trials in the embedded figures test   

acoustic encoding is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

auditory coding is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

auditory encoding is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

effortful processing is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

encoding is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

grammatical encoding is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

lexical encoding is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

phonological encoding is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

articulatory rehearsal is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

elaborative rehearsal is measured by the contrast of # items remembered with encoding task - number remembered without trials in the encoding task   

episodic memory is measured by the contrast of number of correct identifications trials in the episodic recall   

autobiographical recall is measured by the contrast of number of correct identifications trials in the episodic recall   

response selection is measured by the contrast of congruent correct trials in the Eriksen flanker task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of congruent correct trials in the Eriksen flanker task   

pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of average number of trials per pattern change trials in the extradimensional shift task   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of average number of trials per pattern change trials in the extradimensional shift task   

emotion perception is measured by the contrast of emotion detection trials in the face n-back task   

face recognition is measured by the contrast of identity detection trials in the face n-back task   

face perception is measured by the contrast of identity detection trials in the face n-back task   

semantic working memory is measured by the contrast of emotion detection trials in the face n-back task   

visual working memory is measured by the contrast of emotion detection trials in the face n-back task   

visual working memory is measured by the contrast of identity detection trials in the face n-back task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of emotion detection trials in the face n-back task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of identity detection trials in the face n-back task   

working memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of emotion detection trials in the face n-back task   

working memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of identity detection trials in the face n-back task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of % rhythm maintainance trials in the finger tapping task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of tap speed trials in the finger tapping task   

rhythm is measured by the contrast of % rhythm maintainance trials in the finger tapping task   

motor planning is measured by the contrast of % rhythm maintainance trials in the finger tapping task   

motor planning is measured by the contrast of tap speed trials in the finger tapping task   

attention span is measured by the contrast of fixation time below maximum degree of eye movement trials in the fixation task   

gaze is measured by the contrast of degree of eye movement trials in the fixation task   

visual attention is measured by the contrast of degree of eye movement trials in the fixation task   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of fixation time below maximum degree of eye movement trials in the fixation task   

focused attention is measured by the contrast of fixation time below maximum degree of eye movement trials in the fixation task   

phonological working memory is measured by the contrast of length of longest correct sequence trials in the forward digit span task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of length of longest correct sequence trials in the forward digit span task   

chunking is measured by the contrast of category list trials in the free word list recall   

emotional memory is measured by the contrast of emotion manipulation versus control trials in the free word list recall   

working memory is measured by the contrast of emotion manipulation versus control trials in the free word list recall   

working memory is measured by the contrast of category list trials in the free word list recall   

behavioral inhibition (cognitive) is measured by the contrast of stop minus go trials in the go/no-go task   

inhibition is measured by the contrast of Stop trial trials in the go/no-go task   

motor planning is measured by the contrast of response time trials in the grasping task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of kinematics trials in the grasping task   

reading is measured by the contrast of sum of rate, accuracy, fluency, and comprehension scaled scores trials in the Gray Oral Reading Test - 4   

binocular vision is measured by the contrast of sum of rate, accuracy, fluency, and comprehension scaled scores trials in the Gray Oral Reading Test - 4   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of sum of rate, accuracy, fluency, and comprehension scaled scores trials in the Gray Oral Reading Test - 4   

central coherence is measured by the contrast of accuracy trials in the Hooper visual organization test   

object perception is measured by the contrast of accuracy trials in the Hooper visual organization test   

visual object recognition is measured by the contrast of accuracy trials in the Hooper visual organization test   

feature detection is measured by the contrast of accuracy trials in the Hooper visual organization test   

cognitive effort is measured by the contrast of real task effort minus imagined task effort trials in the imagined movement   

imageability is measured by the contrast of real task time minus imagined task time trials in the imagined movement   

motor planning is measured by the contrast of real task areas of activation minus imagined task areas of activation trials in the imagined movement   

cognitive development is measured by the contrast of physical representation of imagined object trials in the imagined objects/scenes   

mental representation is measured by the contrast of real visual areas of activation minus imagined task areas of activation trials in the imagined objects/scenes   

working memory is measured by the contrast of number or percentage of words remembered trials in the immediate recall test   

working memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of number or percentage of words remembered trials in the immediate recall test   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of number or percentage of words remembered trials in the immediate recall test   

inductive reasoning is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the inductive reasoning aptitude   

emotion perception is measured by the contrast of arousal in response to picture minus baseline arousal trials in the International Affective Picture System   

pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the intradimensional shift task   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the extradimensional shift task   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the intradimensional shift task   

pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the extradimensional shift task   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the Iowa Gambling Task   

color perception is measured by the contrast of number of plates read correctly by controls with normal color vision minus number of plates read correctly by subject trials in the Ishihara plates for color blindness   

motor control is measured by the contrast of MVC minus baseline trials in the isometric force   

 is measured by isometric force   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the Kanizsa figures   

perceptual binding is measured by the contrast of reaction time to figures minus reaction time to Kanizsa figures trials in the Kanizsa figures   

 is measured by Kanizsa figures   

 is measured by Kanizsa figures   

working memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the keep-track task   

updating is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the keep-track task   

cognitive load is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the keep-track task   

language processing is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean population score in the language of the participant trials in the letter fluency test    

long term memory is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean population score in the language of the participant trials in the letter fluency test    

language learning is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of age-matched controls trials in the letter naming task   

cognitive development is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of age-matched controls trials in the letter naming task   

auditory working memory is measured by the contrast of longest correct sequence of controls minus longest correct sequence of subject trials in the letter number sequencing   

divided attention is measured by the contrast of longest correct sequence of controls minus longest correct sequence of subject trials in the letter number sequencing   

lexical access is measured by the contrast of Words - Pseudowords trials in the lexical decision task   

memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of Words - Pseudowords trials in the lexical decision task   

memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of Words - Consonant letter strings trials in the lexical decision task   

acoustic processing is measured by the contrast of size of subject sentence set minus average size of sentence set of control subjects trials in the listening span task   

auditory working memory is measured by the contrast of size of subject sentence set minus average size of sentence set of control subjects trials in the listening span task   

conventionality is measured by the contrast of subject score minus average normal score trials in the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory   

self monitoring is measured by the contrast of subject score minus average normal score trials in the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory   

mental rotation is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the mental rotation task   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of average male score minus average female score trials in the mental rotation task   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the mental rotation task   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of subject score minus population-matched average score trials in the MicroCog   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of subject score minus population-matched average score trials in the MicroCog   

reasoning is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the inductive reasoning aptitude   

reasoning is measured by the contrast of subject score minus population-matched average score trials in the MicroCog   

processing capacity is measured by the contrast of subject score minus population-matched average score trials in the MicroCog   

cognitive control is measured by the contrast of subject score minus population-matched average score trials in the MicroCog   

cognitive control is measured by the contrast of participant score minus average score trials in the Mini Mental State Examination   

procedural memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the motor sequencing task   

procedural memory is measured by the contrast of longest correct sequence of controls minus longest correct sequence of subject trials in the motor sequencing task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the motor sequencing task   

serial processing is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the motor sequencing task   

potential monetary reward is measured by the contrast of parametric gain trials in the mixed gambles task   

visual number recognition is measured by the contrast of task minus baseline trials in the mixed gambles task   

articulatory planning is measured by the contrast of Production trials in the music comprehension/production   

articulatory planning is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the music comprehension/production   

auditory working memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the music comprehension/production   

intonation is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the music comprehension/production   

object manipulation is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean score trials in the nine-hole peg test   

response execution is measured by the contrast of response time of subject minus response time of controls trials in the whistling   

rhythm is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the music comprehension/production   

somatosensation is measured by the contrast of average rating of sensation minus subject rating of sensation trials in the non-painful electrical stimulation   

thermosensation is measured by the contrast of rating of sensation minus baseline trials in the non-painful thermal stimulation   

thermosensation is measured by the contrast of average rating of sensation minus subject rating of sensation trials in the non-painful thermal stimulation   

object perception is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the object-discrimination task   

object perception is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the object-discrimination task   

visual working memory is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the object-discrimination task   

visual working memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the object-discrimination task   

visual working memory is measured by the contrast of sensory modality trials in the oculomotor delayed response   

motor control is measured by the contrast of sensory modality trials in the oculomotor delayed response   

auditory tone discrimination is measured by the contrast of auditory standard trials in the oddball task   

oddball detection is measured by the contrast of auditory targets minus standards trials in the oddball task   

olfactory perception is measured by the contrast of average accuracy of controls minus accuracy of participant trials in the olfactory monitoring/discrimination   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of operation span of participant minus average operation span of controls trials in the operation span task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of operation span of participant minus average operation span of controls trials in the operation span task   

form perception is measured by the contrast of average accuracy of controls minus accuracy of participant trials in the orthographic discrimination   

visual working memory is measured by the contrast of average accuracy of controls minus accuracy of participant trials in the orthographic discrimination   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of average accuracy of controls minus accuracy of participant trials in the orthographic discrimination   

somatosensation is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the non-painful thermal stimulation   

somatosensation is measured by the contrast of rating of sensation minus baseline trials in the non-painful thermal stimulation   

somatosensation is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the pain monitor/discrimination task   

somatosensation is measured by the contrast of subject rating during task minus subject baseline rating trials in the pain monitor/discrimination task   

semantic working memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the paired associate recall   

association learning is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the paired associate recall   

motor control is measured by the contrast of subject's pantomime ability compared to controls trials in the pantomime task   

kinaesthetic representation is measured by the contrast of subject's pantomime ability compared to controls trials in the pantomime task   

audition is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the passive listening   

acoustic processing is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the passive listening   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the passive viewing   

acoustic phonetic processing is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the phonological discrimination   

speech processing is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the phonological discrimination   

speech production is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the phonological discrimination   

object recognition is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of age-matched controls trials in the picture naming task   

visual object recognition is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of age-matched controls trials in the picture naming task   

semantic memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of age-matched controls trials in the picture naming task   

acoustic phonetic processing is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the pitch/monitor discrimination   

motor planning is measured by the contrast of standard deviation of error trials in the pointing   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of standard deviation of error trials in the pointing   

joint attention is measured by the contrast of standard deviation of error trials in the pointing   

kinaesthetic representation is measured by the contrast of standard deviation of error trials in the pointing   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of congruent response time - uncued response time trials in the Posner cueing task   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of incongruent response time - congruent response time trials in the Posner cueing task   

involuntary attention is measured by the contrast of incongruent response time - congruent response time trials in the Posner cueing task   

involuntary attention is measured by the contrast of congruent response time - uncued response time trials in the Posner cueing task   

categorization is measured by the contrast of probabilistic classification trials trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

preattentive processing is measured by the contrast of incongruent response time - congruent response time trials in the Posner cueing task   

preattentive processing is measured by the contrast of congruent response time - uncued response time trials in the Posner cueing task   

 is measured by Probabilistic gambling task   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the Probabilistic gambling task   

morphological processing is measured by the contrast of Response time to morphologically non-decomposable pseudowords minus response time to morphologically decomposable psuedowords trials in the pseudoword naming task   

lexical processing is measured by the contrast of response time to pseudowords minus response time to words trials in the pseudoword naming task   

language processing is measured by the contrast of Response time to morphologically non-decomposable pseudowords minus response time to morphologically decomposable psuedowords trials in the pseudoword naming task   

language processing is measured by the contrast of response time to pseudowords minus response time to words trials in the pseudoword naming task   

semantic memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the pyramids and palm trees task   

semantic memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy during task minus accuracy of some baseline test (like matching) trials in the pyramids and palm trees task   

phonological encoding is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean time trials in the rapid automatized naming test   

lexical access is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean time trials in the rapid automatized naming test   

working memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean time trials in the rapid automatized naming test   

visual attention is measured by the contrast of ERP strength minus baseline trials in the rapid serial object transformation   

visual attention is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the rapid serial object transformation   

divided attention is measured by the contrast of ERP strength minus baseline trials in the rapid serial object transformation   

divided attention is measured by the contrast of accuracy during task minus accuracy of some baseline test (e.g. only one pattern) trials in the rapid serial object transformation   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of ERP strength minus baseline trials in the rapid serial object transformation   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of accuracy during task minus accuracy of some baseline test (e.g. only one pattern) trials in the rapid serial object transformation   

visuospatial sketch pad is measured by the contrast of reading span of participant minus average reading span of controls trials in the reading span task   

sentence processing is measured by the contrast of reading span of participant minus average reading span of controls trials in the reading span task   

working memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the recognition memory test   

analogical reasoning is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean accuracy score trials in the reversal learning task   

instrumental learning is measured by the contrast of gains minus losses trials in the reversal learning task   

 is measured by reversal learning task   

phonological working memory is measured by the contrast of pseudoword minus baseline trials in the rhyme verification task   

phonological assembly is measured by the contrast of pseudoword minus baseline trials in the rhyme verification task   

phonological working memory is measured by the contrast of word minus baseline trials in the rhyme verification task   

phonological comparison is measured by the contrast of word minus baseline trials in the rhyme verification task   

lexical retrieval is measured by the contrast of word minus baseline trials in the rhyme verification task   

visual pseudoword recognition is measured by the contrast of pseudoword minus baseline trials in the rhyme verification task   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of frequency of selecting the safe choice (20) minus frequency of selecting risky choices (40 and 80) trials in the risky gains task   

divided attention is measured by the contrast of listening span with comprehension questions minus listening span without trials in the Salthouse and Babcock Listening Span task    

divided attention is measured by the contrast of listening comprehension with listening span task minus listening comprehension without trials in the Salthouse and Babcock Listening Span task    

sentence comprehension is measured by the contrast of listening comprehension of participant minus average listening comprehension trials in the Salthouse and Babcock Listening Span task    

auditory working memory is measured by the contrast of listening span of participant minus average listening span trials in the Salthouse and Babcock Listening Span task    

auditory working memory is measured by the contrast of listening comprehension of participant minus average listening comprehension trials in the Salthouse and Babcock Listening Span task    

acoustic processing is measured by the contrast of listening comprehension of participant minus average listening comprehension trials in the Salthouse and Babcock Listening Span task    

set shifting is measured by the contrast of Failure to maintain set trials in the Wisconsin card sorting test   

set shifting is measured by the contrast of Total number of categories acheived trials in the Wisconsin card sorting test   

set shifting is measured by the contrast of Accuracy on level 3 minus accuracy on level 1 trials in the same-different task   

judgment is measured by the contrast of Overall accuracy of participant minus average accuracy trials in the same-different task   

visual search is measured by the contrast of Overall accuracy of participant minus average accuracy trials in the same-different task   

divided attention is measured by the contrast of response time with competing stimuli minus response time with a single stimuli or congruent stimuli trials in the selective attention task   

divided attention is measured by the contrast of accuracy with a single stimuli or congruent stimuli minus accuracy with competing stimuli trials in the selective attention task   

inhibition is measured by the contrast of response time with competing stimuli minus response time with a single stimuli or congruent stimuli trials in the selective attention task   

inhibition is measured by the contrast of accuracy with a single stimuli or congruent stimuli minus accuracy with competing stimuli trials in the selective attention task   

cognitive load is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the self ordered pointing task   

perceptual identification is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the self ordered pointing task   

processing capacity is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the self ordered pointing task   

phonological working memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy on semantically anomalous sentences minus accuracy on semantically correct sentences trials in the semantic anomaly judgement task   

sentence comprehension is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the semantic anomaly judgement task   

semantic processing is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the semantic anomaly judgement task   

semantic processing is measured by the contrast of accuracy on semantically anomalous sentences minus accuracy on semantically correct sentences trials in the semantic anomaly judgement task   

semantic processing is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the semantic association task   

syntactic parsing is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the semantic anomaly judgement task   

spreading activation is measured by the contrast of ERP for related stimuli minus ERP for unrelated stimuli trials in the semantic association task   

motor learning is measured by the contrast of accuracy with learning minus accuracy without learning/practice trials in the sequence recall/learning   

procedural memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy with learning minus accuracy without learning/practice trials in the sequence recall/learning   

procedural memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the sequence recall/learning   

 is measured by set-shifting task   

task switching is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the set-shifting task   

task switching is measured by the contrast of perservative errors minus nonperservative errors trials in the set-shifting task   

goal maintenance is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the set-shifting task   

set shifting is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the set-shifting task   

set shifting is measured by the contrast of Total number of categories acheived trials in the Wisconsin card sorting test   

set shifting is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the intradimensional shift task   

set shifting is measured by the contrast of accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls trials in the extradimensional shift task   

attention shift is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the set-shifting task   

error detection is measured by the contrast of incorrect minus correct trials in the Simon task   

response conflict is measured by the contrast of incongruent minus congruent (correct) trials in the Simon task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of reaction time of participant minus average reaction time of controls trials in the simple reaction time task   

source memory is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the source memory test   

source memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of recognition minus accuracy of source identification trials in the source memory test   

context memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of recognition minus accuracy of source identification trials in the source memory test   

visual memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of recognition minus accuracy of source identification trials in the source memory test   

spatial memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy of recognition minus accuracy of source identification trials in the source memory test   

spatial working memory is measured by the contrast of 3-back minus 0-back trials in the spatial n-back task   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of 0-back trials in the spatial n-back task   

serial search is measured by the contrast of average response time trials in the Sternberg delayed recognition task   

maintenance is measured by the contrast of accuracy of immediate recognition test minus accuracy of delayed test trials in the Sternberg delayed recognition task   

working memory retrieval is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the Sternberg delayed recognition task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of incongruent minus congruent trials in the Stroop task   

emotion perception is measured by the contrast of emotional rating to picture stimuli minus emotional rating to neutral baseline picture trials in the subjective emotional picture discrimination   

mood is measured by the contrast of the examiner's evaluation trials in the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)   

mood is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean score trials in the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised    

syntactic parsing is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the syntactic acceptability judgement task   

grammatical encoding is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the syntactic acceptability judgement task   

linguistic competence is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the syntactic acceptability judgement task   

syntactic parsing is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the syntactic discrimination   

text comprehension is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the syntactic discrimination   

text comprehension is measured by the contrast of response time to implausible sentences minus response time to plausible sentences trials in the syntactic discrimination   

inhibition of return is measured by the contrast of response time to second stimulus minus response time to first stimulus trials in the tactile monitor/discrimination   

 is measured by tactile monitor/discrimination   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of switch trial - repeat trial = switch cost trials in the task-switching    

set shifting is measured by the contrast of switch trial - repeat trial = switch cost trials in the task-switching    

response execution is measured by the contrast of easy trials all trials in the temporal discounting task   

visual number recognition is measured by the contrast of easy trials all trials in the temporal discounting task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of easy trials all trials in the temporal discounting task   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean score trials in the Test of Word Reading Efficiency   

lexical processing is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean score trials in the Test of Word Reading Efficiency   

theory of mind is measured by the contrast of average score minus participant's score trials in the theory of mind task   

empathy is measured by the contrast of average score minus participant's score trials in the theory of mind task   

emotional intelligence is measured by the contrast of average score minus participant's score trials in the theory of mind task   

acoustic phonetic processing is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the tone monitor/discrimination   

visual search is measured by the contrast of ANOVA of time by age group trials in the Trail Making Test A and B   

serial processing is measured by the contrast of ANOVA of time by age group trials in the Trail Making Test A and B   

inhibition is measured by    

motor control is measured by    

language production is measured by    

visual search is measured by the contrast of # correct minus # incorrect/30 or 60 seconds trials in the underlining test   

chunking is measured by the contrast of Unspaced Four-Letter Word trials in the underlining test   

cognitive control is measured by the contrast of # correct minus # incorrect/30 or 60 seconds trials in the underlining test   

goal maintenance is measured by the contrast of # correct minus # incorrect/30 or 60 seconds trials in the underlining test   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of average time of men minus average time of women trials in the Vandenberg & Kuse Tasks   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the Vandenberg & Kuse Tasks   

mental rotation is measured by the contrast of participant's time minus average time trials in the Vandenberg & Kuse Tasks   

 is measured by vibrotactile monitor/discrimination   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the vibrotactile monitor/discrimination   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the visual alignment task    

visual perception is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the visual alignment task    

visual attention is measured by the contrast of reaction time after some manipulation minus reaction time at baseline trials in the visual attention task   

visual working memory is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the visual attention task   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of reaction time after some manipulation minus reaction time at baseline trials in the visual attention task   

visual search is measured by the contrast of path of eye movements trials in the visual attention task   

visual search is measured by the contrast of path of eye movements trials in the visual pursuit/tracking   

visual attention is measured by the contrast of d' (difference between correct identifications and false alarms) trials in the visual pursuit/tracking   

selective attention is measured by the contrast of path of eye movements trials in the visual pursuit/tracking   

 is measured by visuospatial cueing task   

visual attention is measured by the contrast of reaction time to incongruent cues minus reaction time to congruent cues trials in the visuospatial cueing task   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of reaction time to incongruent cues minus reaction time to congruent cues trials in the visuospatial cueing task   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of Block Design trials in the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of Vocabulary trials in the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of Similarities trials in the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of Matrix Reasoning trials in the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence   

crystallized intelligence is measured by the contrast of Block Design trials in the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence   

fluid intelligence is measured by the contrast of Matrix Reasoning trials in the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence   

cognitive development is measured by the contrast of participant IQ minus average IQ trials in the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence   

mental arithmetic is measured by the contrast of Arithmetic trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of Vocabulary trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of Information trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of Comprehension trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of Similarities trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of Picture Completion trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

crystallized intelligence is measured by the contrast of Arithmetic trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

crystallized intelligence is measured by the contrast of Block Design trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of Picture Completion trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of Picture Arrangement trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

cognitive development is measured by the contrast of participant IQ minus average IQ trials in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of Vocabulary trials in the Wechsler Memory Scale Fourth Edition   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of Verbal Paired Associates trials in the Wechsler Memory Scale Fourth Edition   

auditory memory is measured by the contrast of Symbol Span trials in the Wechsler Memory Scale Fourth Edition   

visuospatial sketch pad is measured by the contrast of Visual Reproduction trials in the Wechsler Memory Scale Fourth Edition   

visuospatial sketch pad is measured by the contrast of Spatial Addition trials in the Wechsler Memory Scale Fourth Edition   

retrieval cue is measured by the contrast of Verbal Paired Associates trials in the Wechsler Memory Scale Fourth Edition   

retention is measured by the contrast of immediate score minus delayed score trials in the Wechsler Memory Scale Fourth Edition   

response execution is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean score trials in the nine-hole peg test   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of participant score minus average score trials in the WISC-R Mazes   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of participant score minus average score trials in the WISC-R Mazes   

conceptual planning is measured by the contrast of participant score minus average score trials in the WISC-R Mazes   

conceptual skill is measured by the contrast of Total number of categories acheived trials in the Wisconsin card sorting test   

phonological encoding is measured by the contrast of reading comprehension age minus real age trials in the word attack   

reading is measured by the contrast of reading comprehension age minus real age trials in the word attack   

morphological processing is measured by the contrast of reading comprehension age minus real age trials in the word attack   

semantic processing is measured by the contrast of number of words divided by time trials in the word generation task   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of number of words divided by time trials in the word generation task   

lexical access is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the word identification   

preattentive processing is measured by the contrast of primed identification trials in the word identification   

working memory is measured by the contrast of response time to known words minus (or learned words) response time to unknown words trials in the word identification   

iconic memory is measured by the contrast of perceptual identification trials in the word identification   

lexical access is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the word stem completion (covert)   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of ERP strength minus baseline trials in the word stem completion (covert)   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of ERP strength minus baseline trials in the word stem completion (overt)   

lexical access is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during covert minus areas of activation during overt trials in the word stem completion (overt)   

speech production is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during covert minus areas of activation during overt trials in the word stem completion (overt)   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the word-picture verification task   

semantic processing is measured by the contrast of response time to non-matching minus response time to matching trials in the word-picture verification task   

sublexical route is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the writing task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of pressure exerted by participant minus average pressure trials in the writing task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the writing task   

lexical encoding is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the writing task   

articulatory rehearsal is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the recitation/repetition (covert)   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the recitation/repetition (covert)   

speech production is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during covert minus areas of activation during overt trials in the recitation/repetition (overt)   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the recitation/repetition (overt)   

articulatory rehearsal is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the recitation/repetition (overt)   

mood is measured by the contrast of State Affect trials in the Positive and Negative Affect Scale   

happiness is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean score trials in the Positive and Negative Affect Scale   

sadness is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean score trials in the Positive and Negative Affect Scale   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the spatial location/discrimination   

pain is measured by the contrast of pain at baseline minus pain during acupuncture trials in the acupuncture task   

excitation is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the acupuncture task   

conjunction search is measured by the contrast of reaction time (to detect target) to one stimulus minus reaction time to paired stimuli trials in the audio-visual target detection task   

serial search is measured by the contrast of reaction time of participant minus average reaction time of controls trials in the audio-visual target detection task   

selective attention is measured by the contrast of accuracy without distractors minus accuracy with distractors trials in the audio-visual target detection task   

audiovisual perception is measured by the contrast of reaction time (to detect target) to one stimulus minus reaction time to paired stimuli trials in the audio-visual target detection task   

reading is measured by the contrast of areas of activation while reading words or sentences minus reading control dots trials in the braille reading task   

perceptual learning is measured by the contrast of areas of activation of early blind minus areas of activation of late blind trials in the braille reading task   

language processing is measured by the contrast of areas of activation while reading words or sentences minus reading control dots trials in the braille reading task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the chewing/swallowing   

long term memory is measured by    

object recognition is measured by    

motor control is measured by the contrast of average degrees of movement minus participant degrees of movement trials in the flexion/extension   

conditional reasoning is measured by the contrast of participant's responses vs. Nash equilibrium equation trials in the matching pennies game    

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of participant's responses vs. Nash equilibrium equation trials in the matching pennies game    

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the naming (covert)   

lexical access is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the naming (covert)   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the naming (overt)   

lexical access is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the naming (overt)   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the naming (overt)   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of response time to risky choices minus response time to non-risky choices trials in the non-choice task   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of number of participant's risky choices minus average number of risky choices trials in the non-choice task   

creative cognition is measured by the contrast of converted A and B error score trials in the Hayling sentence completion test   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of Initiation minus Inhibition trials in the Hayling sentence completion test   

sentence comprehension is measured by the contrast of Initiation trials in the Hayling sentence completion test   

phonological working memory is measured by the contrast of 3-back minus 0-back trials in the letter n-back task   

chunking is measured by the contrast of supra-span minus span trials in the span/supra-span test   

sequence learning is measured by the contrast of supra-span minus span trials in the span/supra-span test   

cognitive load is measured by the contrast of supra-span minus span trials in the span/supra-span test   

working memory is measured by the contrast of supra-span minus span trials in the span/supra-span test   

procedural memory is measured by the contrast of immediate accuracy minus delayed accuracy trials in the action imitation task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean accuracy score trials in the action imitation task   

semantic working memory is measured by the contrast of accuracy for meaningful actions minus accuracy for meaningless actions trials in the action imitation task   

procedural memory is measured by the contrast of standard deviation from the mean accuracy score trials in the action observation task   

long term memory is measured by the contrast of d' trials in the delayed recall test   

synchrony perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the synchrony judgment task   

synchrony perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the temporal order judgment task   

recall is measured by the contrast of trials in the California Verbal Learning Test   

recognition is measured by the contrast of visual recognition (doors test) trials in the doors and people test   

autobiographical memory is measured by the contrast of CS-participant report disparity trials in the autobiographical memory task   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Penn Fractal N-Back   

episodic memory is measured by the contrast of number of correctly recalled items trials in the delayed recall test   

oddball detection is measured by    

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of reappraise negative rating trials in the emotional regulation task   

attended channel is measured by the contrast of trials in the dichotic listening task   

attention capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the n-back task   

spatial selective attention is measured by the contrast of congruent correct trials in the Eriksen flanker task   

automaticity is measured by the contrast of dual minus control trials in the dual-task paradigm   

auditory perception is measured by    

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of trials in the animal naming task   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of trials in the animal naming task   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of Central cue minus Spatial cue: Orienting / Shifting network efficiency trials in the attention networks test   

sustained attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the AX-CPT task   

pain is measured by the contrast of trials in the heat stimulation   

sense of ownership is measured by the contrast of trials in the rubber hand illusion   

pain is measured by the contrast of Noxious minus non-noxious stimulation trials in the mechanical stimulation   

pain is measured by the contrast of trials in the phasic pain stimulation   

pain is measured by the contrast of Pain versus No Pain trials in the tonic pain stimulation   

pain sensitization  is measured by the contrast of trials in the dual sensitization   

pain habituation is measured by the contrast of trials in the dual sensitization   

pain is measured by the contrast of trials in the electric stimulation   

sense of body ownership is measured by the contrast of trials in the rubber hand illusion   

pain is measured by the contrast of trials in the capsaicin-evoked pain   

pain habituation is measured by the contrast of trials in the heat sensitization/adaptation   

pain sensitization  is measured by the contrast of trials in the heat sensitization/adaptation   

pain is measured by the contrast of trials in the cold pressor test   

explicit memory is measured by the contrast of trials in the recognition memory test   

naming is measured by the contrast of trials in the naming (overt)   

object recognition is measured by the contrast of trials in the sequential shape matching   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of d' trials in the intermodal preferential looking paradigm   

working memory is measured by the contrast of trials in the letter number sequencing   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the delayed nonmatch to sample task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of probabilistic classification trials trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

cognitive control is measured by the contrast of trials in the AX-CPT task   

Gestalt grouping is measured by the contrast of reaction time trials in the visual search task   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of general oscillatory synchrony trials in the meditation task   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of trials in the Wason card selection task   

spatial memory is measured by the contrast of presence versus absence of spatial cues trials in the Morris water maze   

Gestalt grouping is measured by the contrast of trials in the Kanizsa figures   

somatosensation is measured by the contrast of trials in the haptic illusion task   

visual imagery is measured by the contrast of trials in the orientation match task   

inattentional blindness is measured by the contrast of trials in the visual attention task   

conflict detection is measured by the contrast of incongruent minus neutral trials in the Stroop task   

error detection is measured by the contrast of incorrect minus correct trials in the Eriksen flanker task   

attentional blink is measured by the contrast of trials in the    

overt attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the antisaccade/prosaccade task   

unconscious perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the backward masking   

auditory tone discrimination is measured by    

oddball detection is measured by    

visual awareness is measured by the contrast of trials in the backward masking   

visual awareness is measured by the contrast of trials in the rapid serial visual presentation task   

psychological refractory period is measured by the contrast of trials in the target detection task   

attentional blink is measured by the contrast of stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) trials in the target detection task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of Interstimulus Interval (ISI) trials in the auditory temporal discrimination task   

auditory perception is measured by    

articulatory loop is measured by the contrast of trials in the recall test   

empathy is measured by the contrast of trials in the autism diagnostic observation schedule   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of trials in the autism diagnostic observation schedule   

communication is measured by the contrast of communication total trials in the autism diagnostic observation schedule   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Wason card selection task   

set shifting is measured by the contrast of trials in the CatBat task   

autonoesis is measured by the contrast of trials in the episodic recall   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the    

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Posner cueing task   

attention is measured by the contrast of degree of association between unattended and attended trials in the dichotic listening task   

set shifting is measured by the contrast of same size-different size trials in the Uznadze haptic illusion task   

proprioception is measured by the contrast of (out-of-phase) - (in-phase) trials in the bimanual coordination task   

decision making is measured by the contrast of reward probability-amount ratio trials in the Cambridge risk task   

attention is measured by the contrast of consistent - inconsistent trials in the Color Trails Test   

visual search is measured by the contrast of target - distractor trials in the Color Trails Test   

visual search is measured by the contrast of number of distractors trials in the contextual cueing task   

cueing is measured by the contrast of variable – invariant trials in the contextual cueing task   

autonoesis is measured by the contrast of number of correct identifications trials in the episodic recall   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of commission errors (false alarms) trials in the immediate memory task   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of commission errors (false alarms) trials in the delayed memory task   

attention is measured by the contrast of proportion of correct to incorrect responses trials in the immediate memory task   

attention is measured by the contrast of proportion of correct to incorrect responses trials in the delayed memory task   

spatial working memory is measured by the contrast of short versus long trials in the spatial delayed response task   

spatial working memory is measured by the contrast of one cue versus two cues trials in the spatial delayed response task   

attention is measured by the contrast of distraction minus standard trials in the digit cancellation task   

context memory is measured by the contrast of valid versus invalid trials in the dot pattern expectancy task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of target size trials in the Fitts task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of movement amplitude trials in the Fitts task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of peak velocity trials in the Fitts task   

motor control is measured by the contrast of target shape trials in the Fitts task   

encoding is measured by the contrast of level of processing (semantic versus phonemic or structural) trials in the living-nonliving task   

inhibition is measured by the contrast of experimental minus control trials in the negative priming task   

language processing is measured by the contrast of nonword length (number of syllables) trials in the nonword repetition task   

behavioral inhibition (cognitive) is measured by the contrast of final reversal errors minus correct responses trials in the probabilistic reversal learning task   

behavioral inhibition (cognitive) is measured by the contrast of other preceding reversal errors minus correct responses trials in the probabilistic reversal learning task   

behavioral inhibition (cognitive) is measured by the contrast of probabilistic errors minus correct responses trials in the probabilistic reversal learning task   

behavioral inhibition (cognitive) is measured by the contrast of final reversal errors minus other preceding reversal errors trials in the probabilistic reversal learning task   

behavioral inhibition (cognitive) is measured by the contrast of final reversal errors minus probabilistic errors trials in the probabilistic reversal learning task   

spatial memory is measured by the contrast of angular distance between test view and study view trials in the scene recognition task   

planning is measured by the contrast of number of moves required to complete task trials in the Stockings of Cambridge Task   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of speed versus accuracy trials in the sustained attention to response task   

inattention is measured by the contrast of target infrequent omission trials in the test of variables of attention   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of target frequent commission trials in the test of variables of attention   

semantic memory is measured by the contrast of relational complexity trials in the analogical reasoning task   

visual object detection is measured by the contrast of explode average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of sequence length trials in the backward digit span task   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of trials in the category fluency test   

pavlovian conditioning is measured by the contrast of unconditional stimulus trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of sequence length trials in the complex span test   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of decision making latency in ascending versus descending betting condition trials in the Cambridge Gambling Task   

domain specificity is measured by the contrast of localized brain activation in face matching versus other object matching trials in the face matching task   

recognition is measured by    

global precedence is measured by the contrast of identification of global feature versus identification of local feature trials in the global-local task   

decision making is measured by the contrast of "safe" deck versus "risky" deck choices trials in the Iowa Gambling Task   

logical reasoning is measured by the contrast of proportion of correct responses trials in the logical reasoning task   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of mean length of utterance (MLU) score trials in the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories   

language acquisition is measured by the contrast of frequency of overregularization trials in the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories   

language acquisition is measured by the contrast of usage of correct irregular word forms trials in the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories   

language acquisition is measured by the contrast of onset of combinatorial language trials in the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories   

language acquisition is measured by the contrast of vocabulary production trials in the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of gesture production trials in the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of response time * accuracy compared to median trials in the matching familiar figures test   

emotion is measured by the contrast of meditation versus control self-report of affect trials in the meditation task   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of meditation versus control decrease in power of alpha oscillations trials in the meditation task   

emotion is measured by the contrast of meditation versus control frontal midline theta activity trials in the meditation task   

anxiety is measured by the contrast of meditation versus control theta oscillations trials in the meditation task   

emotion is measured by the contrast of meditation versus control galvanic skin response trials in the meditation task   

association learning is measured by the contrast of CS-US interval trials in the delay conditioning   

association learning is measured by the contrast of trace interval duration trials in the trace conditioning   

response execution is measured by the contrast of 2-back Body trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

 is measured by pavlovian conditioning task   

reinstatement is measured by the contrast of post-extinction response to US trials in the pavlovian conditioning task   

association learning is measured by the contrast of reponse to US1 versus response to US2 trials in the counterconditioning   

contingency learning is measured by the contrast of punishment trials in the operant task   

instrumental conditioning is measured by the contrast of trials in the operant task   

contingency learning is measured by the contrast of reinforcement trials in the operant task   

spontaneous recovery is measured by the contrast of post-extinction duration trials in the operant task   

fear is measured by the contrast of P cue–no cue P trials in the NPU-threat test   

anxiety is measured by the contrast of no cue U–no cue N trials in the NPU-threat test   

attention is measured by the contrast of number of items to be counted (past subitizing threshold) trials in the numerosity estimation task   

attention is measured by the contrast of number of distractors trials in the numerosity estimation task   

attention is measured by the contrast of high minus low load conditions trials in the numerosity estimation task   

figure ground segregation is measured by the contrast of proportion of dots moving randomly trials in the dot motion task   

figure ground segregation is measured by the contrast of proportion of dots moving in a specific direction other than target trials in the dot motion task   

figure ground segregation is measured by the contrast of cumulative duration of exposure to stimulus trials in the ambiguous figure task   

multistable perception is measured by the contrast of cumulative duration of exposure to stimulus trials in the ambiguous figure task   

multistable perception is measured by the contrast of duration of stimulus presentation interval trials in the ambiguous figure task   

border ownership is measured by the contrast of contrast between stimuli trials in the ambiguous figure task   

multistable perception is measured by the contrast of number of exposures to stimulus trials in the ambiguous figure task   

visual orientation is measured by the contrast of trials in the apparent verticality judgment   

body orientation is measured by the contrast of degree of head tilt (HT) trials in the apparent verticality judgment   

body orientation is measured by the contrast of degree of body tilt (BT) trials in the apparent verticality judgment   

body orientation is measured by the contrast of degree of trunk tilt (TT) trials in the apparent verticality judgment   

body orientation is measured by the contrast of HT - BT trials in the apparent verticality judgment   

body orientation is measured by the contrast of HT - TT trials in the apparent verticality judgment   

lateral masking is measured by the contrast of eccentricity of distractor stimuli trials in the contrast detection task   

visual masking is measured by the contrast of trials in the rapid serial visual presentation task   

visual masking is measured by the contrast of trials in the contrast detection task   

decision making is measured by the contrast of response time for "bad" or risky doors minus response time for "good" doors trials in the Hungry Donkey Task   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of number of "good" doors chosen vs. number of "bad" doors trials in the Hungry Donkey Task   

risk aversion is measured by the contrast of trials in the Hungry Donkey Task   

maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the Running Memory   

psychological refractory period is measured by the contrast of stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) trials in the target detection task   

attention capacity is measured by the contrast of omissions trials in the PEBL Perceptual Vigilance Task (PPVT)   

iconic memory is measured by the contrast of % correct recall trials in the Partial Report Procedure   

prejudice is measured by the contrast of response time to incongruent vs. response time to congruent trials in the Implicit Association Task   

implicit knowledge is measured by the contrast of self-report vs. task report trials in the Implicit Association Task   

autonoesis is measured by the contrast of trials in the autobiographical memory task   

audition is measured by the contrast of correct trials in the NIH Toolbox Words-in Noise Test   

crystallized intelligence is measured by the contrast of theta score trials in the NIH Toolbox Picture Vocabulary Test   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of trials in the NIH Toolbox Picture Vocabulary Test   

adaptive control is measured by the contrast of correct trials in the NIH Toolbox Dimensional Change Card Sort Test   

episodic memory is measured by the contrast of number of adjacent pairs correct trials in the NIH Toolbox Picture Sequence Memory Test   

semantic memory is measured by the contrast of number of incorrect dimension assignments trials in the NIH Toolbox List Sorting Working Memory Test   

working memory is measured by the contrast of number of items correctly recalled trials in the NIH Toolbox List Sorting Working Memory Test   

processing capacity is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the pattern comparison task   

reading is measured by the contrast of correct pronunciation trials in the NIH Toolbox Oral Reading Recognition Test   

perceptual identification is measured by the contrast of identification trials in the NIH Toolbox Oral Reading Recognition Test   

episodic memory is measured by the contrast of # of words recalled trials in the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Task   

processing capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the NIH Toolbox Oral Symbol Digit Test   

motor control is measured by the contrast of time to complete trials in the NIH Toolbox 9-Hole Pegboard Dexterity Test   

Strength is measured by the contrast of pounds or kilograms of force trials in the NIH Toolbox Grip Strength Test   

balance is measured by the contrast of postural sway trials in the NIH Toolbox Standing Balance Test   

motor control is measured by the contrast of trials in the NIH Toolbox 4-Meter Walk Gait Speed Test    

Locomotion is measured by the contrast of number of seconds to walk 4m trials in the NIH Toolbox 4-Meter Walk Gait Speed Test    

motor control is measured by the contrast of distance walked trials in the NIH Toolbox 2-Minute Walk Endurance Test   

audition is measured by the contrast of self-report score trials in the NIH Toolbox Hearing Handicap Inventory   

taste aversion is measured by the contrast of generalized labeled magnitude scale (gLMS) trials in the NIH Toolbox Taste Intensity Test   

visual acuity is measured by the contrast of minimum visible size trials in the NIH Toolbox Visual Acuity Test   

happiness is measured by the contrast of survey IRT score trials in the NIH Toolbox Vision-Related Quality of Life Survey   

visual acuity is measured by the contrast of minimum size visible while in motion trials in the NIH Toolbox Dynamic Visual Acuity Test   

vestibular control is measured by the contrast of minimum size visible while still minus while in motion trials in the NIH Toolbox Dynamic Visual Acuity Test   

olfactory perception is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the NIH Toolbox Odor Identification Test   

mood is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the NIH Toolbox Positive Affect Survey   

life satisfaction is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the NIH Toolbox General Life Satisfaction Survey   

central executive is measured by the contrast of dual minus control trials in the dual-task paradigm   

phonological loop is measured by the contrast of suppression - control (articulatory suppression effect) trials in the articulatory suppression task   

meaning is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the NIH Toolbox Meaning and Purpose Survey   

motor control is measured by the contrast of success trials in the Motor Screening Task   

category learning is measured by the contrast of shift-related incorrect responses trials in the big/little circle   

spatial memory is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the Spatial Recognition Memory   

emotion recognition is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the Emotion Recognition Task   

decision making is measured by the contrast of probability of the participant's decision being correct based on the available evidence at the time of the decision trials in the Information Sampling Task   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the verbal working memory task   

language processing is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the Graded Naming Test   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of shift-related incorrect responses trials in the attention switching task   

prospective planning is measured by the contrast of number of problems solved on first choice trials in the One Touch Stockings of Cambridge   

motor control is measured by the contrast of response latency trials in the Reaction Time   

sustained attention is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the Rapid Visual Information Processing   

visual search is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the match to sample visual search   

spatial working memory is measured by the contrast of span length trials in the spatial span test   

spatial working memory is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the spatial working memory task   

abstract knowledge is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the Penn Conditional Exclusion Test   

episodic memory is measured by the contrast of number of correct rejections trials in the Penn Word Memory Test   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the Penn Word Memory Test   

face recognition is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the Penn Face Memory Test   

spatial working memory is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the Visual Object Learning Test    

spatial working memory is measured by the contrast of number of correct rejections trials in the Visual Object Learning Test    

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of 3-back minus 1-back trials in the n-back task   

updating is measured by the contrast of 3-back minus 1-back trials in the n-back task   

attentional bias is measured by    

attentional bias is measured by    

capacity limitation is measured by the contrast of 3-back minus 1-back trials in the n-back task   

interference resolution is measured by the contrast of 3-back minus 1-back trials in the n-back task   

generic knowledge is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the WAIS-Information   

phonological working memory is measured by the contrast of number correct forward trials in the WAIS Digit Span   

working memory is measured by the contrast of number correct forward trials in the WAIS Digit Span   

working memory is measured by the contrast of number correct backward trials in the WAIS Digit Span   

working memory is measured by the contrast of number in correct order trials in the WAIS Digit Span   

manipulation is measured by the contrast of number in correct order trials in the WAIS Digit Span   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the WAIS Vocabulary   

mathematical reasoning is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the WAIS Arithmetic   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of correct identifications trials in the WAIS Picture Completion   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of trials in the WAIS Picture Arrangement   

working memory is measured by the contrast of false positives trials in the Change Detection Task   

working memory is measured by the contrast of number correct trials in the Change Detection Task   

cognitive control is measured by the contrast of trials in the AX-DPX   

sustained attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the AX-DPX   

attentional bias is measured by the contrast of reaction time trials in the visual search task   

attentional bias is measured by the contrast of reaction time trials in the visual search task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of stop signal reaction time trials in the stop signal task with letter naming   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of stop signal reaction time trials in the stop signal task with pseudo word naming   

motor learning is measured by the contrast of trials in the serial reaction time task   

psychological refractory period is measured by the contrast of trials in the psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm   

social cognition is measured by the contrast of social skill trials in the autism spectrum quotient   

communication is measured by the contrast of communication trials in the autism spectrum quotient   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of attention to detail trials in the autism spectrum quotient   

imagination is measured by the contrast of imagination trials in the autism spectrum quotient   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of attention switching trials in the autism spectrum quotient   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of social interaction total trials in the autism diagnostic observation schedule   

imagination is measured by the contrast of play total trials in the autism diagnostic observation schedule   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of stereotyped behaviors and restricted interests Total trials in the autism diagnostic observation schedule   

cognitive development is measured by the contrast of Average difference in degrees from correct answer trials in the Piaget's Water Jar Task   

social cognition is measured by the contrast of social cognition trials in the Social Responsiveness Scale   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of autistic mannerisms trials in the Social Responsiveness Scale   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of social awareness trials in the Social Responsiveness Scale   

communication is measured by the contrast of social communication trials in the Social Responsiveness Scale   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of social motivation trials in the Social Responsiveness Scale   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of general memory trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of verbal immediate trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of verbal delayed trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

visual memory is measured by the contrast of visual immediate trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

visual memory is measured by the contrast of visual delayed trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of attention/concentration trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

recognition is measured by the contrast of delayed recognition trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

learning is measured by the contrast of learning trials in the Children's Memory Scale   

communication is measured by the contrast of communication trials in the Social Communication Questionnaire   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of reciprical social interaction trials in the Social Communication Questionnaire   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of restrictive and repetitive behavior trials in the Social Communication Questionnaire   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of Stereotypic Behavior trials in the aberrant behavior checklist - community   

Inappropriate speech is measured by the contrast of Inappropriate Speech trials in the aberrant behavior checklist - community   

hyperactivity is measured by the contrast of Hyperactivity/Noncompliance trials in the aberrant behavior checklist - community   

irritability is measured by the contrast of Irritability/Agitation trials in the aberrant behavior checklist - community   

lethargy is measured by the contrast of Lethargy/Social Withdrawal trials in the aberrant behavior checklist - community   

internalizing is measured by the contrast of Internalizing trials in the adult behavior checklist   

externalizing is measured by the contrast of trials in the adult behavior checklist   

externalizing is measured by the contrast of Externalizing trials in the adult behavior checklist   

anxiety is measured by the contrast of General Anxiety Disorder - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

sadness is measured by the contrast of Major Depressive Disorder - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

attention is measured by the contrast of ADHD Inattentive - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of ADHD Hyperactivity / Impulsivity - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

conduct disorder is measured by the contrast of Conduct Disorder - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

antisocial personality is measured by the contrast of Antisocial Personality - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

defiance is measured by the contrast of Opposition Defiant Disorder - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

anxiety is measured by the contrast of Separation Anxiety - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

fear is measured by the contrast of Specific Phobia - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

obsession is measured by the contrast of Obsessions - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

obsession is measured by the contrast of Compulsions - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

fear is measured by the contrast of PTSD - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

social phobia is measured by the contrast of Social Phobia - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

antisocial personality is measured by the contrast of Schizoid Personality - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

delusion is measured by the contrast of Schizophrenia - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

sadness is measured by the contrast of Dysthymic Disorder - Severity Score trials in the adolescent symptom inventory   

antisocial personality is measured by the contrast of aloof personality trials in the broad autism phenotype questionnaire   

rigidity is measured by the contrast of rigid personality trials in the broad autism phenotype questionnaire   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of pragmatic language trials in the broad autism phenotype questionnaire   

cognitive development is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the battelle developmental inventory   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of visual perception score trials in the beery-buktenica developmental test of visual-motor integration   

motor control is measured by the contrast of motor coordination score trials in the beery-buktenica developmental test of visual-motor integration   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of energy/extraversion trials in the big five questionnaire   

intelligence is measured by the contrast of intellect/openness trials in the big five questionnaire   

agreeableness is measured by the contrast of agreeableness trials in the big five questionnaire   

openness is measured by the contrast of intellect/openness trials in the big five questionnaire   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of emotional instability trials in the big five questionnaire   

face recognition is measured by the contrast of long form trials in the Benton facial recognition test   

face recognition is measured by the contrast of short form trials in the Benton facial recognition test   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of social interest trials in the broader phenotype autism symptom scale   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of expressiveness trials in the broader phenotype autism symptom scale   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of restricted interests trials in the broader phenotype autism symptom scale   

conversational skill is measured by the contrast of conversational skill trials in the broader phenotype autism symptom scale   

anxiety is measured by the contrast of anxiety trials in the brief symptom inventory   

offensive (proactive) aggression is measured by the contrast of hostility trials in the brief symptom inventory   

fear is measured by the contrast of phobia trials in the brief symptom inventory   

sadness is measured by the contrast of depression trials in the brief symptom inventory   

somatosensation is measured by the contrast of somatization trials in the brief symptom inventory   

obsession is measured by the contrast of obsessive compulsive trials in the brief symptom inventory   

paranoia is measured by the contrast of paranoid trials in the brief symptom inventory   

psychosis is measured by the contrast of psychosis trials in the brief symptom inventory   

empathy is measured by the contrast of interpersonal sensitivity trials in the brief symptom inventory   

internalizing is measured by the contrast of internalizing problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

externalizing is measured by the contrast of externalizing problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

anxiety is measured by the contrast of anxiety problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

offensive (proactive) aggression is measured by the contrast of aggressive behavior trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

sadness is measured by the contrast of anxious depressed trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

conduct disorder is measured by the contrast of trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

obsession is measured by the contrast of obsessive compulsive problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

social phobia is measured by the contrast of social problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

delusion is measured by the contrast of thought problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

fear is measured by the contrast of post traumatic stress problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

conduct disorder is measured by the contrast of conduct problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

defiance is measured by the contrast of oppositional defiant problems trials in the Child Behavior Checklist   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of attention scale trials in the Conners Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scales   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of initiation of activities trials in the Conners Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scales   

joint attention is measured by the contrast of joint attention trials in the Conners Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scales   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of interest involvement trials in the Conners Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scales   

intrinsic motivation is measured by the contrast of persistence trials in the Conners Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scales   

mood is measured by the contrast of affect trials in the Conners Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scales   

language production is measured by the contrast of language structure trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

pragmatic knowledge is measured by the contrast of pragmatic skills trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of social engagement trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

conversational speech is measured by the contrast of speech trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

communication is measured by the contrast of general communication composite trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

syntax is measured by the contrast of syntax trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of semantics trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

central coherence is measured by the contrast of coherence trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of initiation trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

social context is measured by the contrast of context trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of interests trials in the Children's Communication Checklist   

sleep is measured by the contrast of sleep trials in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale   

lethargy is measured by the contrast of tired / fatigue trials in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale   

sadness is measured by the contrast of sadness trials in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of thinking / concentration trials in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale   

suicidal ideation is measured by the contrast of suicidal ideation trials in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale   

appetite is measured by the contrast of appetite trials in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale   

guilt is measured by the contrast of guilt trials in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale   

anhedonia is measured by the contrast of lack of interest trials in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Social Competence Questionnaire   

inattention is measured by the contrast of inattention score trials in the Conners 3rd Edition   

hyperactivity is measured by the contrast of hyperactivity score trials in the Conners 3rd Edition   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of verbal recognition (names test) trials in the doors and people test   

offensive (proactive) aggression is measured by the contrast of aggression trials in the Conners 3rd Edition   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of peer relations trials in the Conners 3rd Edition   

defiance is measured by the contrast of oppositional trials in the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale   

hyperactivity is measured by the contrast of hyperactivity trials in the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale   

anxiety is measured by the contrast of anxious trials in the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of impulsivity trials in the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale   

perfectionism is measured by the contrast of perfectionism trials in the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale   

somatosensation is measured by the contrast of psychosomatic trials in the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale   

emotional expression is measured by the contrast of emotional trials in the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale   

inattention is measured by the contrast of inattention trials in the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale   

speech production is measured by the contrast of infant babbling trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

language acquisition is measured by the contrast of age of first phrases (months) trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of hearing concerns trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

word repetition is measured by the contrast of echolalia trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

eating is measured by the contrast of eating trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

hyperactivity is measured by the contrast of overactivity trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

sleep is measured by the contrast of sleep problems trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

obsession is measured by the contrast of compulsions and rituals trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

sensory defensiveness is measured by the contrast of abnormal or negative response to sensory stimuli trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

defiance is measured by the contrast of tantrums trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

sensitivity to change is measured by the contrast of difficulty with minor change trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of hand and finger mannerisms trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

attachment is measured by the contrast of unusual attachment to objects trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

noise sensitivity is measured by the contrast of noise sensitivity trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

imagination is measured by the contrast of imaginative play trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

language is measured by the contrast of level of language trials in the autism diagnostic interview - revised   

phonological working memory is measured by the contrast of nonword repetition trials in the Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing   

phonological encoding is measured by the contrast of phonological memory trials in the Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing   

obsession is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale   

phonological retrieval is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Expressive Vocabulary Test   

verbal fluency is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Expressive One Word-Picture Vocabulary Test   

sustained attention is measured by the contrast of sustained attention trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

divided attention is measured by the contrast of divided attention trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

spatial memory is measured by the contrast of spatial memory trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

reasoning is measured by the contrast of reasoning trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

memory is measured by the contrast of memory trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

mental imagery is measured by the contrast of visualization trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

mental rotation is measured by the contrast of figure rotation trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

memory storage is measured by the contrast of forward memory span trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

recognition is measured by the contrast of immediate recognition trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

association learning is measured by the contrast of associative memory trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

association learning is measured by the contrast of associative delayed memory trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

recognition is measured by the contrast of delayed recognition trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

memory storage is measured by the contrast of backward memory span trials in the Leiter International Performance Scale   

language processing is measured by the contrast of receptive language trials in the Mullen Scales of Early Learning   

language production is measured by the contrast of expressive language trials in the Mullen Scales of Early Learning   

motor control is measured by the contrast of gross motor trials in the Mullen Scales of Early Learning   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of visual reception trials in the Mullen Scales of Early Learning   

motor control is measured by the contrast of fine motor trials in the Mullen Scales of Early Learning   

offensive (proactive) aggression is measured by the contrast of aggressiveness trials in the PDD Behavior Inventory   

arousal is measured by the contrast of arousal trials in the PDD Behavior Inventory   

phonological encoding is measured by the contrast of phonological skills trials in the PDD Behavior Inventory   

semantic knowledge is measured by the contrast of semantic/pragmatic problems trials in the PDD Behavior Inventory   

fear is measured by the contrast of specific fears trials in the PDD Behavior Inventory   

learning is measured by the contrast of learning, memory, and receptive language trials in the PDD Behavior Inventory   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of ritualisms trials in the PDD Behavior Inventory   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of social approach trials in the PDD Behavior Inventory   

word recognition is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of verbal comprehension trials in the Reynell Developmental Language Scales   

language production is measured by the contrast of expressive language trials in the Reynell Developmental Language Scales   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of auditory comprehension trials in the Preschool Language Scale   

communication is measured by the contrast of expressive communication trials in the Preschool Language Scale   

emotion regulation is measured by the contrast of modulation of sensory input affecting emotional responses trials in the Sensory Profile   

noise sensitivity is measured by the contrast of auditory processing trials in the Sensory Profile   

motor control is measured by the contrast of modulation of endurance and tone trials in the Sensory Profile   

proprioception is measured by the contrast of modulation of body position and movement trials in the Sensory Profile   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of visual processing trials in the Sensory Profile   

vestibular control is measured by the contrast of vestibular processing trials in the Sensory Profile   

multisensory integration is measured by the contrast of multi-sensory processing trials in the Sensory Profile   

visual awareness is measured by the contrast of modulation of visual input trials in the Sensory Profile   

emotional expression is measured by the contrast of emotional and social responses trials in the Sensory Profile   

reasoning is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of comprehension trials in the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales   

quantitative skill is measured by the contrast of quantitative trials in the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales   

pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of pattern analysis trials in the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales   

mathematical reasoning is measured by the contrast of quantitative trials in the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of receptive language trials in the Test of Early Language Development   

language production is measured by the contrast of expressive language trials in the Test of Early Language Development   

language is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Test of Early Language Development   

language production is measured by the contrast of spoken language trials in the Test of Adolescent and Adult Language   

language is measured by the contrast of general language trials in the Test of Adolescent and Adult Language   

language is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Test of Language Development   

language production is measured by the contrast of expressive communication trials in the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of receptive communication trials in the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales   

defiance is measured by the contrast of maladaptive behavior trials in the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales   

imagination is measured by the contrast of play and leisure time trials in the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales   

motor control is measured by the contrast of gross motor trials in the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of interpersonal relationships trials in the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales   

motor control is measured by the contrast of fine motor trials in the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales   

communication is measured by the contrast of communication trials in the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Development Profile   

social intelligence is measured by the contrast of social interaction trials in the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Development Profile   

gaze is measured by the contrast of emotion and eye gaze trials in the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Development Profile   

self control is measured by the contrast of behavioral regulation trials in the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Development Profile   

joint attention is measured by the contrast of joint attention trials in the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Development Profile   

speech production is measured by the contrast of speech composite trials in the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Development Profile   

social cognition is measured by the contrast of social composite trials in the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Development Profile   

theory of mind is measured by the contrast of understanding trials in the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Development Profile   

naming is measured by the contrast of rapid naming trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of pattern construction trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

phonological encoding is measured by the contrast of phonological processing trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

perceptual similarity is measured by the contrast of verbal similarities trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

recall is measured by the contrast of recall of designs trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

quantitative skill is measured by the contrast of sequential and quantitative reasoning trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

processing capacity is measured by the contrast of speed of information processing trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

word recognition is measured by the contrast of word definitions trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

language comprehension is measured by the contrast of verbal comprehension trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

recall is measured by the contrast of recall of digits trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

recall is measured by the contrast of recall of objects trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

recall is measured by the contrast of recall of sequential order trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

perceptual similarity is measured by the contrast of picture similarities trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

naming is measured by the contrast of naming vocabulary trials in the Differential Ability Scales   

defiance is measured by the contrast of oppositional trials in the Conners 3rd Edition   

perfectionism is measured by the contrast of perfectionism trials in the Conners 3rd Edition   

social cognition is measured by the contrast of social cognition trials in the Conners 3rd Edition   

attentional focusing is measured by the contrast of attentional focusing trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of attentional shifting trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

hyperactivity is measured by the contrast of activity level / energy trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

fear is measured by the contrast of fear trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

frustration is measured by the contrast of frustration trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of impulsivity trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

inhibition is measured by the contrast of inhibitory control trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of motor activation trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

anticipation is measured by the contrast of positive anticipation trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

sadness is measured by the contrast of sadness trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of sociability trials in the Early Childhood Behavioral Questionnaire   

communication is measured by the contrast of communication trials in the Early Development Interview (EDI)   

emotion regulation is measured by the contrast of regulatory behavior trials in the Early Development Interview (EDI)   

restricted behavior is measured by the contrast of repetitive behavior trials in the Early Development Interview (EDI)   

social cognition is measured by the contrast of social trials in the Early Development Interview (EDI)   

joint attention is measured by the contrast of percent of time responded to joint attention trials in the Early Social and Communication Scales   

motor control is measured by the contrast of mean grip strength trials in the Halstead-Reitan Battery   

motor control is measured by the contrast of grooved peg total time trials in the Halstead-Reitan Battery   

anxiety is measured by the contrast of anxiety trials in the Conners 3rd Edition   

joint attention is measured by the contrast of JO joint attention percent correct trials in the Joint Attention / Social and Nonsocial Orienting Task   

social motivation is measured by the contrast of JO social orient percent correct trials in the Joint Attention / Social and Nonsocial Orienting Task   

intelligence is measured by the contrast of IQ trials in the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of matrices trials in the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test   

loneliness is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Loneliness Rating Scale   

planning is measured by the contrast of trials in the Tower of Hanoi   

planning is measured by the contrast of trials in the Tower of London   

phonological awareness is measured by the contrast of trials in the phonological discrimination   

problem solving is measured by the contrast of trials in the Tower of Hanoi   

attention shifting is measured by the contrast of trials in the Tower of Hanoi   

impulsivity is measured by the contrast of trials in the Penn continuous performance task   

sustained attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Penn continuous performance task   

phonological awareness is measured by the contrast of trials in the spelling task   

arousal is measured by the contrast of Alerting: no cue minus double cue trials in the attention networks test   

speech production is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during covert minus areas of activation during overt trials in the Overt word repetition   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the Overt word repetition   

articulatory rehearsal is measured by the contrast of areas of activation during task minus baseline trials in the Overt word repetition   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of congruent correct trials in the Eriksen flanker task   

conflict adaptation effect is measured by the contrast of incongruent minus congruent trials in the Stroop task   

conflict adaptation effect is measured by the contrast of incongruent minus congruent depending on the congruency condicition of the previous trial trials in the Stroop task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Tone Matching   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Change Detection Task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the McGurk effect   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Bistability   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of auditory reaction time trials in the oddball task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Tone Detection (JND)   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Vernier discrimination task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the contour integration task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the perceptual closure task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of response time to identify target trials in the Parallel/serial search   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the reading (overt)   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the contour interpolation task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the lateral facilitation   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the biological motion task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the coherent motion   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Bistability   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the multistability   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the backward masking   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the visual illusion susceptibility   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the cross modality   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the perceptual organization   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the object perception task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the object recognition task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the retinotopic representation   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the local computation   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the object classification   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the visually guided saccade task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the Regularity and Change Detection   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the auditory scene perception   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the cross modality   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the categorization task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the gating   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the self monitoring task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the same-different task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the action-perception loop   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the object perception task   

olfactory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the intensity for somatosensory stimulation   

olfactory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the McGurk effect   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the auditory masking task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Re-entrant processing   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the action-perception loop   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the emotion expression identification   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the contrast sensitivity test   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Face Identification task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of Inter Stimulus Interval trials in the Manipulation of ISI   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the Novelty detection task   

olfactory perception is measured by the contrast of Inter Stimulus Interval trials in the Manipulation of ISI   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the visual search task   

attention is measured by the contrast of eye movement reaction time trials in the Spatial cuing paradigm   

attention is measured by the contrast of dual task RT minus single task RT trials in the dual-task paradigm   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the attentional blink paradigm   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Inter-modal selective attention task   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Blocked channel-selection task   

attention is measured by the contrast of distracted RT minus non-distracted RT trials in the Distraction paradigm (capture)   

attention is measured by the contrast of percent detected trials in the target detection task   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the ANT task   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the Sternberg Item Recognition Task   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the complex span test   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the Running Memory   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the letter number sequencing   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the Simple span task   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the Change Detection Task   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the Continuous Performance Test - AX version   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the Sequence encoding   

 is measured by n-back task   

 is measured by Sternberg Item Recognition Task   

 is measured by complex span test   

 is measured by Running Memory   

 is measured by AX-CPT task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the n-back task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the Sequence encoding   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the Sequence reproduction   

active maintenance is measured by the contrast of trials in the AX-CPT task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the Sternberg Item Recognition Task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the complex span test   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the Running Memory   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the letter number sequencing   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the Simple span task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the delayed match to sample task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the Change Detection Task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the AX-CPT task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of trials in the self ordered pointing task   

Interference Control is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the n-back task   

Interference Control is measured by the contrast of trials in the delayed match to sample task   

Interference Control is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the Sternberg Item Recognition Task   

Interference Control is measured by the contrast of trials in the complex span test   

Interference Control is measured by the contrast of trials in the keep-track task   

cognitive control is measured by the contrast of trials in the incentive modulated antisaccade task   

overt attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the incentive modulated antisaccade task   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the paired associate learning   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of number of correctly recalled items trials in the delayed recall test   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of trials in the Transitive inference task   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of trials in the Acquired Equivalence   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Naming tasks   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Verbal description of visual depiction   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Corpus analysis   

language is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the semantic classification task   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Coherent/Incoherent discourse distinction task   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Discourse content questions   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Listening and reading task   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Eye tracking paradigms   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Visual world paradigm   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Manipulation of predictability and acceptability   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Manipulation of language and non-verbal behaviors   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Sentence/discourse content test   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Manipulation of individual words   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Surface properties of object paradigms   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Time-series of response time   

visual form discrimination is measured by    

visual perception is measured by the contrast of Inter Stimulus Interval trials in the Manipulation of ISI   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of Color trials in the Manipulation of ISI   

attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the non-spatial cuing paradigm   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Deviance Detection   

verbal memory is measured by the contrast of visual recall (shapes test) trials in the doors and people test   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Muller-Lyer Illusion   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Emotion Recognition Task   

selective control is measured by the contrast of successful stop minus go trials in the conditional stop signal task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of trials in the Motion processing   

semantic processing is measured by the contrast of trials in the contextual semantic priming task   

spatial ability is measured by the contrast of accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls trials in the perceptual discrimination task   

decision making is measured by the contrast of trials in the consensus decision-making task   

theory of mind is measured by the contrast of why minus how trials in the why/how task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of stop signal reaction time trials in the stop signal walking task with stroop   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal walking task with stroop   

response execution is measured by the contrast of probabilistic classification trials trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of trials in the color-word stroop with task switching   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of incongruent - congruent trials in the color-word stroop with task switching   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of incongruent - neutral trials in the color-word stroop with task switching   

decision making is measured by the contrast of trials in the color-word stroop with task switching   

encoding is measured by the contrast of remembered minus forgotten trials in the associative memory encoding task   

association learning is measured by the contrast of remembered plus forgotten minus null events trials in the associative memory encoding task   

language is measured by the contrast of trials in the Manipulation of coherence and cohesion   

sleep is measured by the contrast of total score trials in the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index   

inattention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale   

forgetting is measured by the contrast of trials in the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale   

listening is measured by the contrast of trials in the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale   

hyperactivity is measured by the contrast of trials in the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale   

sustained attention is measured by the contrast of trials in the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale   

distraction is measured by the contrast of trials in the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of percent detected trials in the object perception task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of percent detected trials in the object perception task   

visual perception is measured by the contrast of response time trials in the coherent motion   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of response time trials in the same-different task   

auditory perception is measured by the contrast of percent correct trials in the oddball task   

 is measured by n-back task   

Limited Capacity is measured by the contrast of percent commission error trials in the n-back task   

Interference Control is measured by the contrast of percent commission error trials in the n-back task   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of response time trials in the paired associate learning   

declarative memory is measured by the contrast of percent intrusions trials in the delayed recall test   

high energy density food recognition is measured by the contrast of HE vs LE food choice periods trials in the Single item food choice task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal task   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal task   

oddball detection is measured by the contrast of successful stop trial trials in the stop signal task   

auditory tone detection is measured by the contrast of successful stop trial trials in the stop signal task   

error detection is measured by the contrast of failed stop trials in the stop signal task   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of go-critical minus go-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

selective control is measured by the contrast of go-critical minus go-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

error detection is measured by the contrast of unsuccessful stop minus successful stop trials in the conditional stop signal task   

auditory tone detection is measured by the contrast of successful stop minus go trials in the conditional stop signal task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of failed stop-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

oddball detection is measured by the contrast of successful stop minus go trials in the conditional stop signal task   

emotional face recognition is measured by the contrast of Faces trials in the emotion processing fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of Faces trials in the emotion processing fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of Faces trials in the emotion processing fMRI task paradigm   

feature comparison is measured by the contrast of Faces trials in the emotion processing fMRI task paradigm   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of Shapes trials in the emotion processing fMRI task paradigm   

auditory arithmetic processing is measured by the contrast of Math minus Story trials in the language processing fMRI task paradigm   

working memory is measured by the contrast of trials in the Penn Fractal N-Back   

story comprehension is measured by the contrast of Story minus Math trials in the language processing fMRI task paradigm   

right toe response execution is measured by the contrast of Right Foot trials in the motor fMRI task paradigm   

right finger response execution is measured by the contrast of Right Hand trials in the motor fMRI task paradigm   

tongue response execution is measured by the contrast of Tongue trials in the motor fMRI task paradigm   

left toe response execution is measured by the contrast of Left Foot trials in the motor fMRI task paradigm   

left finger response execution is measured by the contrast of Left Hand trials in the motor fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of Cue trials in the motor fMRI task paradigm   

working memory is measured by the contrast of Cue trials in the motor fMRI task paradigm   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of Cue trials in the motor fMRI task paradigm   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of Random Interaction trials in the social cognition (theory of mind) fMRI task paradigm   

spatial attention is measured by the contrast of Random Interaction trials in the social cognition (theory of mind) fMRI task paradigm   

motion detection is measured by the contrast of Random Interaction trials in the social cognition (theory of mind) fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of Random Interaction trials in the social cognition (theory of mind) fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of Random Interaction trials in the social cognition (theory of mind) fMRI task paradigm   

animacy decision is measured by the contrast of Random Interaction trials in the social cognition (theory of mind) fMRI task paradigm   

animacy perception is measured by the contrast of Mental Interaction minus Random Interaction trials in the social cognition (theory of mind) fMRI task paradigm   

visual pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of Matching trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of Matching trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

feature comparison is measured by the contrast of Matching trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of Matching trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of Matching trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

relational comparison is measured by the contrast of Relational Processing trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

visual face recognition is measured by the contrast of 0-back Face trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of 0-back Face trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of 0-back Face trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

updating is measured by the contrast of 2-back Body trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

visual body recognition is measured by the contrast of 0-back Body trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

visual tool recognition is measured by the contrast of 0-back Tool trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

visual place recognition is measured by the contrast of 0-back Place trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

place maintenance is measured by the contrast of 0-back Place trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

body maintenance is measured by the contrast of 0-back Body trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

tool maintenance is measured by the contrast of 0-back Tool trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

face maintenance is measured by the contrast of 0-back Face trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

risk is measured by the contrast of pumps parametric trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

negative emotion is measured by the contrast of attend negative minus attend neutral stimulus trials in the emotional regulation task   

emotional suppression is measured by the contrast of reappraise negative stimulus minus attend negative stimulus trials in the emotional regulation task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of reappraise negative rating trials in the emotional regulation task   

resistance to distractor inference is measured by the contrast of interfering versus non-interfering trials in the global-local task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of successful stop minus go trials in the conditional stop signal task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of go-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of successful stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of go-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of successful stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of failed stop-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of go-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

numerical comparison is measured by the contrast of dual-task tone counting probe trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

response execution is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of failed stop-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of go-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of successful stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of failed stop-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

selective control is measured by the contrast of go-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

selective control is measured by the contrast of successful stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

selective control is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

selective control is measured by the contrast of failed stop-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

oddball detection is measured by the contrast of successful stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

oddball detection is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

oddball detection is measured by the contrast of failed stop-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of successful stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

auditory tone detection is measured by the contrast of successful stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

auditory tone detection is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

auditory tone detection is measured by the contrast of failed stop-noncritical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

error detection is measured by the contrast of failed stop-critical trials in the conditional stop signal task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of successful stop trial trials in the stop signal task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of failed stop trials in the stop signal task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of successful stop trial trials in the stop signal task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of failed stop trials in the stop signal task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of failed stop trials in the stop signal task   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of failed stop trials in the stop signal task   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of successful stop trial trials in the stop signal task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of successful stop trial trials in the stop signal task   

oddball detection is measured by the contrast of failed stop trials in the stop signal task   

response inhibition is measured by the contrast of failed stop trials in the stop signal task   

auditory tone detection is measured by the contrast of failed stop trials in the stop signal task   

feature comparison is measured by the contrast of Shapes trials in the emotion processing fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of Shapes trials in the emotion processing fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of Shapes trials in the emotion processing fMRI task paradigm   

subjective food value is measured by the contrast of trials in the Becker-Degroot-Marschak (BDM) procedure   

subjective food value is measured by the contrast of trials in the Visual Analogue Scales   

response selection is measured by the contrast of 0-back Place trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of 0-back Place trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of 0-back Body trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of 0-back Body trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of 0-back Tool trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of 0-back Tool trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

updating is measured by the contrast of 2-back Face trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

updating is measured by the contrast of 2-back Place trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

updating is measured by the contrast of 2-back Tool trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

visual tool recognition is measured by the contrast of 2-back Tool trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

tool maintenance is measured by the contrast of 2-back Tool trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

body maintenance is measured by the contrast of 2-back Body trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

visual body recognition is measured by the contrast of 2-back Body trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

place maintenance is measured by the contrast of 2-back Place trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

visual place recognition is measured by the contrast of 2-back Place trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

face maintenance is measured by the contrast of 2-back Face trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

visual face recognition is measured by the contrast of 2-back Face trials in the working memory fMRI task paradigm   

response execution is measured by the contrast of Relational Processing trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

response selection is measured by the contrast of Relational Processing trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

feature comparison is measured by the contrast of Relational Processing trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of Relational Processing trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

visual pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of Relational Processing trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

relational comparison is measured by the contrast of Relational Processing minus Matching trials in the relational processing fMRI task paradigm   

negative emotion is measured by the contrast of attend negative stimulus trials in the emotional regulation task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of task minus baseline trials in the mixed gambles task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of task minus baseline trials in the mixed gambles task   

economic value processing is measured by the contrast of task minus baseline trials in the mixed gambles task   

risk processing is measured by the contrast of task minus baseline trials in the mixed gambles task   

confidence judgment is measured by the contrast of task minus baseline trials in the mixed gambles task   

decision certainty is measured by the contrast of difference from indifference trials in the mixed gambles task   

potential monetary loss is measured by the contrast of parametric loss trials in the mixed gambles task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of deterministic classification trials trials in the deterministic classification   

response selection is measured by the contrast of deterministic classification trials trials in the deterministic classification   

response execution is measured by the contrast of deterministic classification trials trials in the deterministic classification   

categorization is measured by the contrast of deterministic classification trials trials in the deterministic classification   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of feedback trials in the deterministic classification   

error detection is measured by the contrast of feedback trials in the deterministic classification   

reinforcement learning is measured by the contrast of feedback trials in the deterministic classification   

color recognition is measured by the contrast of classification trials: deterministic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of classification trials: deterministic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

response execution is measured by the contrast of classification trials: deterministic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

response selection is measured by the contrast of classification trials: deterministic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

categorization is measured by the contrast of classification trials: deterministic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

categorization is measured by the contrast of classification trials: probabilistic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

response selection is measured by the contrast of classification trials: probabilistic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

response execution is measured by the contrast of classification trials: probabilistic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of classification trials: probabilistic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

color recognition is measured by the contrast of classification trials: probabilistic trials in the classification probe without feedback   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

error detection is measured by the contrast of feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

reinforcement learning is measured by the contrast of feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of words trials in the word one-back task   

word maintenance is measured by the contrast of words trials in the word one-back task   

updating is measured by the contrast of words trials in the word one-back task   

visual pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of scrambled objects trials in the word one-back task   

pattern maintenance is measured by the contrast of scrambled objects trials in the word one-back task   

visual object recognition is measured by the contrast of objects trials in the word one-back task   

object maintenance is measured by the contrast of objects trials in the word one-back task   

string maintenance is measured by the contrast of consonant strings trials in the word one-back task   

visual string recognition is measured by the contrast of consonant strings trials in the word one-back task   

updating is measured by the contrast of scrambled objects trials in the word one-back task   

updating is measured by the contrast of objects trials in the word one-back task   

updating is measured by the contrast of consonant strings trials in the word one-back task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of cash average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

response execution is measured by the contrast of cash average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

feedback processing is measured by the contrast of cash average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

risk aversion is measured by the contrast of cash average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

reward anticipation is measured by the contrast of pumps parametric trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

loss anticipation is measured by the contrast of pumps parametric trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

punishment processing is measured by the contrast of explode average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

task difficulty is measured by the contrast of pumps average real reaction time trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

visual object detection is measured by the contrast of pumps average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

response selection is measured by the contrast of pumps average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

response execution is measured by the contrast of pumps average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

risk seeking is measured by the contrast of pumps average trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of all trials in the abstract/concrete judgment: bilingual   

semantic categorization is measured by the contrast of all trials in the abstract/concrete judgment: bilingual   

response selection is measured by the contrast of all trials in the abstract/concrete judgment: bilingual   

response execution is measured by the contrast of all trials in the abstract/concrete judgment: bilingual   

novelty detection is measured by the contrast of novel minus repeat trials in the abstract/concrete judgment: bilingual   

semantic categorization is measured by the contrast of novel minus repeat trials in the abstract/concrete judgment: bilingual   

response selection is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

visual number recognition is measured by the contrast of dual-task tone counting probe trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

working memory is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

updating is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

response execution is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

categorization is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

positive feedback processing is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

reinforcement learning is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

negative feedback processing is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

auditory tone discrimination is measured by the contrast of dual task classification learning trials trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

response selection is measured by the contrast of dual-task tone counting probe trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

response selection is measured by the contrast of tone counting probe trials in the tone counting   

updating is measured by the contrast of dual-task tone counting probe trials in the dual-task weather prediction   

auditory tone discrimination is measured by the contrast of tone counting trials trials in the tone counting   

working memory maintenance is measured by the contrast of tone counting trials trials in the tone counting   

working memory is measured by the contrast of trials in the tone counting   

working memory updating is measured by the contrast of tone counting trials trials in the tone counting   

visual number recognition is measured by the contrast of tone counting probe trials in the tone counting   

working memory updating is measured by the contrast of tone counting probe trials in the tone counting   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

response selection is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

response execution is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

categorization is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

positive feedback processing is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

reinforcement learning is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

negative feedback processing is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

auditory tone perception is measured by the contrast of single task classification learning trials trials in the single-task weather prediction    

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of positive feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

visual form recognition is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of positive feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

positive feedback processing is measured by the contrast of positive feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

negative feedback processing is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of positive feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of positive feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

categorization is measured by the contrast of positive feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

reinforcement learning is measured by the contrast of positive feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

categorization is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

error detection is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

reinforcement learning is measured by the contrast of negative feedback trials in the Probabilistic classification task   

theory of mind is measured by the contrast of false belief question minus false picture question trials in the false belief task   

response conflict is measured by the contrast of incongruent minus congruent correct trials in the Eriksen flanker task   

resistance to distractor inference is measured by the contrast of incongruent minus congruent correct trials in the Eriksen flanker task   

intertemporal choice is measured by the contrast of easy trials all trials in the temporal discounting task   

subjective value judgment is measured by the contrast of hard all minus easy all trials in the temporal discounting task   

subjective value judgment is measured by the contrast of easy trials all trials in the temporal discounting task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of reappraise negative rating trials in the emotional regulation task   

emotional self-evaluation is measured by the contrast of reappraise negative rating trials in the emotional regulation task   

visual color discrimination is measured by the contrast of congruent correct trials in the Simon task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of congruent correct trials in the Simon task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of congruent correct trials in the Simon task   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of word minus baseline trials in the rhyme verification task   

phonological comparison is measured by the contrast of pseudoword minus baseline trials in the rhyme verification task   

visual object recognition is measured by the contrast of all trials in the object one-back task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of all trials in the object one-back task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of all trials in the object one-back task   

right finger response execution is measured by the contrast of auditory targets minus standards trials in the oddball task   

updating is measured by the contrast of all trials in the object one-back task   

visual form discrimination is measured by the contrast of visual standard stimulus presentation trials in the oddball task   

visual color discrimination is measured by the contrast of visual standard stimulus presentation trials in the oddball task   

oddball detection is measured by the contrast of visual targets minus standards trials in the oddball task   

visual letter recognition is measured by the contrast of Go trial trials in the stop signal task with letter naming   

response selection is measured by the contrast of Go trial trials in the stop signal task with letter naming   

vocal response execution is measured by the contrast of Go trial trials in the stop signal task with letter naming   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of Go trial trials in the stop signal task with letter naming   

visual pseudoword recognition is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal task with pseudo word naming   

response selection is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal task with pseudo word naming   

vocal response execution is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal task with pseudo word naming   

proactive control is measured by the contrast of go trial trials in the stop signal task with pseudo word naming   

risk aversion is measured by the contrast of pre-cash trials minus pre-pump trials matched for risk level trials in the balloon analogue risk task (BART)   

subjective food value is measured by the contrast of high-value go choice at probe trials in the cue approach task   

auditory sentence recognition is measured by the contrast of right audio click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

response selection is measured by the contrast of right audio click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

right hand response execution is measured by the contrast of right audio click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

visual pattern recognition is measured by the contrast of checkerboard trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

visual sentence recognition is measured by the contrast of left video click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

left hand response execution is measured by the contrast of left video click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

auditory word recognition is measured by the contrast of audio computation trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

arithmetic processing is measured by the contrast of audio computation trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

visual word recognition is measured by the contrast of video computation trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

response selection is measured by the contrast of left video click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

visual sentence recognition is measured by the contrast of right video click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

response selection is measured by the contrast of right video click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

right hand response execution is measured by the contrast of right video click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

auditory sentence recognition is measured by the contrast of audio sentences trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

arithmetic processing is measured by the contrast of video computation trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

visual sentence recognition is measured by the contrast of video sentences trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

auditory sentence recognition is measured by the contrast of left audio click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

response selection is measured by the contrast of left audio click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

left hand response execution is measured by the contrast of left audio click trials in the functional localizer fMRI tasks   

facial happiness recognition is measured by the contrast of happiness judgment trials in the social judgment of faces task   

response selection is measured by the contrast of happiness judgment trials in the social judgment of faces task   

response execution is measured by the contrast of age judgment trials in the social judgment of faces task   

facial age recognition is measured by the contrast of age judgment trials in the social judgment of faces task