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"The ‘standard version’ of the false belief task presents the child with a character, Sally, who leaves a desirable object such as a chocolate in her basket, before departing the scene. In her absence, another character, Anne, removes the object and places it in a box. Children are asked to predict, on Sally's return to the room, where Sally will look for the object (or, sometimes, where she thinks the object is). Four-year-olds tend to succeed at this task – correctly attributing a false belief to Sally, saying that she will look for the object in the basket – while younger children tend to fail."
Definition contributed by MLewis about five years ago

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false belief task has been asserted to measure the following CONCEPTS

DISORDERS associated with false belief task
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IMPLEMENTATIONS of false belief task
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EXTERNAL DATASETS for false belief task
Dataset #1 False belief task

In the Cognitive Atlas, we define a contrast as any function over experimental conditions. The simplest contrast is the indicator value for a specific condition; more complex contrasts include linear or nonlinear functions of the indicator across different experimental conditions.


An indicator is a specific quantitative or qualitative variable that is recorded for analysis. These may include behavioral variables (such as response time, accuracy, or other measures of performance) or physiological variables (including genetics, psychophysiology, or brain imaging data).

User Discussion

"definition pulled from Bloom and German (2000)"
MLewis (about five years ago)

Term History


Definition contributed by RPoldrack about six years ago:

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Term Bibliography

Social-cognitive deficits in normal aging.
Moran JM, Jolly E, Mitchell JP
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience (J Neurosci)
2012 Apr 18
Citation added by NPicchetti about four years ago
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