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The Why/How Task is a neuroimaging task for manipulating and measuring abstract conceptualization of sensory stimuli, especially social stimuli. In the version validated in Spunt and Adolphs (2014, NeuroImage), participants answer attributional (why) and factual (how) questions about visual social scenes using a yes/no manual response. The Why/How manipulation is attentional: Each photograph appears once as the target of a Why question, and once as the target of a How question. A standardized version of this task is available for download here: http://bobspunt.com/whyhow-localizer/. Further information can be acquired in the following paper: Spunt, R. P., & Adolphs, R. (2014). Validating why/how the contrast for functional MRI studies of Theory of Mind. NeuroImage. 99, 301-311.

Synonyms: yes/no why/how task, why/how localizer
Definition contributed by BSpunt about three years ago

No relations have yet been associated.
why/how task has been asserted to measure the following CONCEPTS
DISORDERS associated with why/how task
No associations have been added.


IMPLEMENTATIONS of why/how task
Implementation #1 The Why/How Localizer Task is a robust, efficient, and standardized task for investigating social cognition. Participants answer attributional (why) and factual (how) questions about facial expressions (face) and hand actions (hand) shown in naturalistic photographs.
EXTERNAL DATASETS for why/how task
Dataset #1 Validating the Why/How contrast for functional MRI studies of Theory of Mind
CONDITIONS
No conditions have yet been associated.


Experimental conditions are the subsets of an experiment that define the relevant experimental manipulation.

CONTRASTS

In the Cognitive Atlas, we define a contrast as any function over experimental conditions. The simplest contrast is the indicator value for a specific condition; more complex contrasts include linear or nonlinear functions of the indicator across different experimental conditions.

INDICATORS
No indicators have yet been associated.


An indicator is a specific quantitative or qualitative variable that is recorded for analysis. These may include behavioral variables (such as response time, accuracy, or other measures of performance) or physiological variables (including genetics, psychophysiology, or brain imaging data).


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Term Bibliography

Validating the Why/How contrast for functional MRI studies of Theory of Mind.
Spunt RP, Adolphs R
NeuroImage (Neuroimage)
2014 Oct 1
Citation added by BSpunt about two years ago
Citation Profile

The neural basis of understanding the expression of the emotions in man and animals.
Spunt RP, Ellsworth E, Adolphs R
Social cognitive and affective neuroscience (Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci)
2016 Nov 1
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
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The Default Mode of Human Brain Function Primes the Intentional Stance.
Spunt RP, Meyer ML, Lieberman MD
Journal of cognitive neuroscience (J Cogn Neurosci)
2015 Jan 20
Citation added by VSochat about two years ago
Citation Profile

Folk explanations of behavior: a specialized use of a domain-general mechanism.
Spunt RP, Adolphs R
Psychological science (Psychol Sci)
2015 Jun
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
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The busy social brain: evidence for automaticity and control in the neural systems supporting social cognition and action understanding.
Spunt RP, Lieberman MD
Psychological science (Psychol Sci)
2013 Jan 1
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
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Dissociating modality-specific and supramodal neural systems for action understanding.
Spunt RP, Lieberman MD
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience (J Neurosci)
2012 Mar 7
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
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An integrative model of the neural systems supporting the comprehension of observed emotional behavior.
Spunt RP, Lieberman MD
NeuroImage (Neuroimage)
2012 Feb 1
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
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Identifying the what, why, and how of an observed action: an fMRI study of mentalizing and mechanizing during action observation.
Spunt RP, Satpute AB, Lieberman MD
Journal of cognitive neuroscience (J Cogn Neurosci)
2011 Jan
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
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Dissociable neural systems support retrieval of how and why action knowledge.
Spunt RP, Falk EB, Lieberman MD
Psychological science (Psychol Sci)
2010 Nov
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
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The neural basis of conceptualizing the same action at different levels of abstraction.
Spunt RP, Kemmerer D, Adolphs R
Social cognitive and affective neuroscience (Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci)
2016 Jul
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
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The effects of an action's
Gilead M, Liberman N, Maril A
NeuroImage (Neuroimage)
2016 Nov 1
Citation added by BSpunt about eight months ago
Citation Profile

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