False Belief task
VIGNETTE: The Garcia family goes to a Red Sox baseball game. They leave early, when the Red Sox are up 5-1, and take the train home. While they are on the train, the game finishes with the Red Sox down 5-6.
TRUE/FALSE QUESTION: When the Garcia family get off the train, they believe that the Red Sox have lost the game.
In the control or 'photo' condition, subjects read a short vignette about an image, and then are asked to respond with 'True' or 'False' to a question that requires inferring the nature of the image. A sample photo trial might be:
VIGNETTE: In 1856, when a painter depicted the river in an oil painting that now hangs in the Metropolitan Museum, many trees grew along the riverbank. In 1913, the trees were cut down and replaced with bushes.
TRUE/FALSE QUESTION: In the painting, there are bushes lining the riverbank.
In fMRI paradigms, the contrast 'false belief' > 'photo' is used to isolate neural activation associated with Theory of Mind.
Definition contributed by Anonymous
DisordersNo associations have been added.
TraitsNo associations have been added.
BehaviorsNo associations have been added.
Experimental conditions are the subsets of an experiment that define the relevant experimental manipulation.
In the Cognitive Atlas, we define a contrast as any function over experimental conditions. The simplest contrast is the indicator value for a specific condition; more complex contrasts include linear or nonlinear functions of the indicator across different experimental conditions.
No indicators have yet been associated.
An indicator is a specific quantitative or qualitative variable that is recorded for analysis. These may include behavioral variables (such as response time, accuracy, or other measures of performance) or physiological variables (including genetics, psychophysiology, or brain imaging data).
R. Saxea and N. Kanwisher
NeuroImage 19 (2003) 1835â1842
Dodell-Feder D, Koster-Hale J, Bedny M, Saxe R
2011 Mar 15