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Paper and pencil Test of mental rotation ability. Participants must are presented with four 3-D block figures and must select 2 from the group which match a reference figure. This test is administered under time contraints. A male advantage is typically seen on this type of task, as measured by test accuracy.

Definition contributed by Anonymous
Phenotypes associated with Vandenberg & Kuse Tasks


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IMPLEMENTATIONS of Vandenberg & Kuse Tasks
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EXTERNAL DATASETS for Vandenberg & Kuse Tasks
No implementations have been added.

Experimental conditions are the subsets of an experiment that define the relevant experimental manipulation.


You must specify conditions before you can define contrasts.

In the Cognitive Atlas, we define a contrast as any function over experimental conditions. The simplest contrast is the indicator value for a specific condition; more complex contrasts include linear or nonlinear functions of the indicator across different experimental conditions.

time to complete task

An indicator is a specific quantitative or qualitative variable that is recorded for analysis. These may include behavioral variables (such as response time, accuracy, or other measures of performance) or physiological variables (including genetics, psychophysiology, or brain imaging data).


Women athletes' mental rotation under stereotypic threat.
Brownlow S, Valentine SE, Owusu A
(Percept Mot Skills)
2008 Aug

A redrawn Vandenberg and Kuse mental rotations test: different versions and factors that affect performance.
Peters M, Laeng B, Latham K, Jackson M, Zaiyouna R, Richardson C
Brain and cognition (Brain Cogn)
1995 Jun