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An ambiguous figure in which the illusory contour of a square (or triangle) appears in the middle of four (or three) truncated solid squares (or circles). It is an illustration of the perceptual ability to make sense of an incomplete figure by creating a 'whole' image from the separate elements (Gestalt organization).

Definition contributed by Anonymous
Kanizsa figures has been asserted to measure the following CONCEPTS
Phenotypes associated with Kanizsa figures


No associations have been added.


No associations have been added.


No associations have been added.

IMPLEMENTATIONS of Kanizsa figures
No implementations have been added.
EXTERNAL DATASETS for Kanizsa figures
No implementations have been added.

Experimental conditions are the subsets of an experiment that define the relevant experimental manipulation.


You must specify conditions before you can define contrasts.

In the Cognitive Atlas, we define a contrast as any function over experimental conditions. The simplest contrast is the indicator value for a specific condition; more complex contrasts include linear or nonlinear functions of the indicator across different experimental conditions.

reaction time
accuracy at detecting Kanizsa shapes

An indicator is a specific quantitative or qualitative variable that is recorded for analysis. These may include behavioral variables (such as response time, accuracy, or other measures of performance) or physiological variables (including genetics, psychophysiology, or brain imaging data).


Kanizsa subjective figures capture visual spatial attention: evidence from electrophysiological and behavioral data.
Senkowski D, Röttger S, Grimm S, Foxe JJ, Herrmann CS
Neuropsychologia (Neuropsychologia)

Saccadic compression of rectangle and Kanizsa figures: now you see it, now you don't.
Noritake A, Uttl B, Terao M, Nagai M, Watanabe J, Yagi A
PloS one (PLoS One)
2009 Jul 27

Linking depth to lightness and anchoring within the differentiation-integration formalism.
Kogo N, Gool LV, Wagemans J
Vision research (Vision Res)
2010 Jul 9

The time-course of global and local attentional guidance in Kanizsa-figure detection.
Conci M, Töllner T, Leszczynski M, Müller HJ
Neuropsychologia (Neuropsychologia)
2011 Apr 22