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a collaborative knowledge base characterizing the state of current thought in Cognitive Science.

attention CONCEPT

used to describe any number of cognitive processes, organized as top-down or bottom-up, goal-directed or stimulus-driven, and more, but generally reflecting an interplay between cognitive and sensory systems.

Definition contributed by Anonymous

Tasks that are asserted to measure attention

Task Contrast Measure

numerosity estimation task
  • high minus low load conditions
  • number of distractors
  • number of items to be counted (past subitizing threshold)

digit cancellation task
  • distraction minus standard

target detection task
  • percent detected

adolescent symptom inventory
  • ADHD Inattentive - Severity Score

delayed memory task
  • proportion of correct to incorrect responses

Distraction paradigm (capture)
  • distracted RT minus non-distracted RT

immediate memory task
  • proportion of correct to incorrect responses

dual-task paradigm
  • dual task RT minus single task RT

dichotic listening task
  • degree of association between unattended and attended

Spatial cuing paradigm
  • eye movement reaction time

Color Trails Test
  • consistent - inconsistent

Montreal Cognitive Assessment
  • Total score


A taxonomy of external and internal attention.
Chun MM, Golomb JD, Turk-Browne NB
Annual review of psychology (Annu Rev Psychol)

Dissociating the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive control.
MacDonald AW 3rd, Cohen JD, Stenger VA, Carter CS
2000 Jun 9

The attention system of the human brain.
Posner MI, Petersen SE
Annual review of neuroscience (Annu Rev Neurosci)

Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain.
Corbetta M, Shulman GL
Nature reviews. Neuroscience (Nat Rev Neurosci)
2002 Mar